Alexander P Gutterman
EU PASSPORT ! Big news! Thanks to Michael Decker and the other good people at the law office, as well as to the virtue of my ancestors, the cruelty of the Inquisition, reparations issued in the Iberian Peninsula, and etc, I am delighted to be on track for Portuguese and European Union Citizenship! A truly incredible development and one which brings me deep joy.
The team at Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co have been awesome to work with in helping our US company establish banking in Israel and in providing counsel for legal needs in Israel. I highly recommend!
Best lawyer house from Israel! I couldn’t dealt with my situation without their professionalism and effectiveness. Their dedication to every legal aspect and their drive it’s how a true lawyer house can be!
Working in European market and international now, I couldn’t dare to let myself wide my wings on countries unknown to me. Definitely they’ll be the lawyers representing me, my business at every international aspect and on personal development.
When you hear Decker,Pex,Ofir &Co, you hear 10+ class services, luxurious professionals, confidentiality and exclusive attention to your needs.
Incredibly knowledgeable, approachable, accessible, and evident across the board that they truly care about the people they are helping. They are quick to respond, engaged, and obviously top-notch lawyers. I couldn't recommend them highly enough. Thank you, Joshua and Itamar for your help with our Joint Life Application. You were a calming energy during a storm - always breathed a sigh of relief after speaking with you. It is so difficult to get straight answers from the Misrad Hapnim, but you guys are straight shooters. I appreciate your candor and evident integrity. Hope to work with you in the future, and will send everyone I know in need of legal aid your way. Thank you for your guidance and support.
I admire the Austrian citizenship team in Tel-Aviv branch! They deserve more then 5 stars!! They are very friendly and professional. I've got Austrian citizenship in 4 months for all family members which consists of 12 people! The entire team is very friendly and responsive. They are always answering questions and support during the process. I recommend to everyone. Was 100% satisfied.
I am delighted to report that my wife and I have just obtained our Israeli citizenship. We will be forever grateful for all of the help, guidance and support which Ariel Galili of Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. provided through this process.
I am a Jewish, 80-year-old American, and my wife is not Jewish. We had started the process on our own back in November 2020 via the Jewish Agency and Nefesh B’Nefesh, but soon became entangled in the delays and often-changing regulations due to Covid-19. The pandemic also caused delays in obtaining the required apostilles for various documents from various state agencies and the US State Department.
We found Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. On the internet and began working with Ariel in late November 2021. Ariel did a superb job of leading us through the process, helping us to understand which documents were essential, which would most likely be required, and which, though included on the list of required documents, were rarely required. He helped us several times to understand what was likely and unlikely to occur as “the next step.” Helping us manage our expectations was extremely useful to us.
Besides his knowing the laws, regulations and procedures, Ariel also made us feel that he was truly interested in helping us to successfully work through this process in as smooth, timely, and frustration-free manner as possible.
My wife and I strongly recommend anyone planning to go through this process seriously consider hiring Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. and, specifically, Ariel Galili.
Mr. Joshua Pex is knowledgeable and Professional. I really appreciate his courteous and direct approach.
We have been working with Decker, Pex Ofir & Co - Law Firm in Tel Aviv for many years very well. Because we appreciated their lawyers services, we recommended businesses and individuals again and again to go there as well.
Extrmely friendly, professional and helpful. A big thank you to Irina especially from the Jerusalem office. Highly Recommended.
Very knowledgeable and professional
I have been receiving services from this Law Firm for several years now and I want to say THANK YOU to the team, especially Joshua Pex. They are doing outstanding work. The services I have received for both our Israeli non profit association but also our social business have helped us solve many issues at hand and provided solutions in complicated situations. Personally, I am grateful for support in visa issues as a foreigner living now in Israel for many years.
Marce Ruth St. Rey
Party time in the heart, my beloved husband received his residence after so much time of battles and faith. Gratitude, God has blessed us with wonderful beings who have accompanied us, including a "precious angel" who touched our hearts, our excellent and fantastic lawyer: Maria Chernin Dekel, sweet and wonderful human being, who has guided us and stayed On our side. side in this intense legal transit whom we bless on every occasion. God bless you dear Maria, you have exceeded your professional duty by containing us and collaborating with us in hard times, very hard, for that we want to thank you publicly, you are unique!!!
We bless and thank the entire team at Decker Pex Tal Ofir Law Firm.
We were searching for a law firm that will be honest with us and really work hard for a satisfying result, it wasn't an easy task
We found them online; they were the only law firm from all of our searchings which were completely honest and NOT gave us just what we wanted to hear
Using them guaranteed honesty above all. A legal team that is friendly and cares for a superb result
They really care about helping their customers without any other interest
Nadia gave us service behind what we expected; she was professional which lead to fast and easy process with great result
We definitely recommend using them
A really excellent firm. They knew exactly how to handle my situation effectively and efficiently, and we got the result I needed without much fuss. Adi Berger was a wonderful advocate for me and I am deeply grateful for her help!
Courteous, clear, efficient service.
Josh has been helping me on and off for a few years now. I have needed legal advice and assistance with immigration due to a complex situation of mine, and he has been extremely available and responsive, honest and clear about my route and how to proceed. Very much recommended!
The team of lawyers and assistants are incredibly professional. Aiming to give their clients the advice possible regarding the normative and the law of Israel. With well trained and professional secretary at the front desk to the lawyers team, I could say that I had one of the most professional services possible. I'm super glad of choosing Joshua Pex of Law office for immigration solution, lawyers to advise in my case, to me, it is remarkable.
Michael and Ariellah Waizman
For Advocate Joshua Pex.
We were in a devastating situation when my wife received an order from the immigration office to leave Israel within 30 days, without any explanation, after we have been married and in the process for six and a half years. We heard of Advocate Pex through a friend of a friend. We contacted Mr. Pex and he was ready to help us when he heard of our situation.
The service is amazing! Always ready to assist without regard to the time it takes. The advice Mr. Pex gave us was great, such as what to do, he gave useful links, and advice about which officials to contact. The price for the service was great!
The process until we received the extension for another year for my wife was not long (3 months). Things started moving once Mr. Pex came into the picture.
We highly recommend Advocate Joshua Pex! We achieved our goal and the fear of deportation has been lifted!
I can highly recommend these services!
Every time we turned to Joshua we always got a professional quick and helpful respond.
We highly recommend Adv. Mike Decker and have know him for many years. He has helped our family with many battles over the years. We recently received our permanent residency after 23 years in Israel. We so much appreciate Mike’s representation of us.
Joshua Pex was both an amazing human being and an inspiring human rights attorney. I reported directly to him for various activities I performed as in intern. I was impressed with his incredibly solid character. He is trustworthy, fair, and goes above and beyond to advocate for the vulnerable. He is completely trustworthy and high caliber in his work. His partners and employees are very blessed to work with him. I am honored to know them.
Excellent service, very friendly and helpful, fast responding and very patient. Highly recommend. I will choose them again next time if needed.
I really recommend the law office's services. The service is very professional and efficient, the price is right. I am satisfied with the services I needed and happy to have known them.
Dongdiet & Nellie
We are very happy with the services. Somehow they managed to translate the law lingo into language we actually understand 😉 and their outstanding YouTube videos helped us to have a better grasp of what process we had to go through. Their patience, clear explanation and experience are very valuable. It's also very nice to know that you will receive response promptly; it made us feel we can really trust their services. We recommend all those looking for immigration lawyers to get in touch.
We had a pleasure of working with Irena Rosenberg who assisted in getting our two U.S. born children registered in Israel and supported visa process for my wife in 2021. During the pandemic, my wife and I decided to move to Israel where I am originally from after living in the U.S. for over 20 years, but we had no idea how to go about securing visas before and after arriving in Israel. Irena is knowledgeable, reliable and competent lawyer who always had answers to all our questions which made us feel confident that everything would be fine with her assistance. We are now happily living in Israel and are so grateful to have Irena who is a genuinely nice person as our lawyer.
If you need to solve any complicated legal issue in Israel, don't hesitate to contact them. Otherwise you will loose hours/days/weeks with things that they can solve in minutes. They helped me to obtain my expert working visa in Israel and even after that they responded further questions and gave me advices related to administrative issues in Israel which saved me a lot of time. Irena Rosenberg and Michael Decker worked on my case, they are very professional and helpful. They will not let you down, feel free to contact them.
We were very satisfied with the service of Nehama. She was very professional in all her dealings and kept us informed all the way.
We highly recommend this law firm. They proved to be reliable, efficient and pleasant to work with.
Oded Ger did an excellent job by reviewing a modeling contract I was offered. Explained the bad clauses in the contract, and their possible consequences. Thank you for your amazing job, your professionalism, your consultation and honesty. You showed me from your experience how it can be done differently. It was the best decision choosing you as my lawyer.
I highly recommend this firm, especially Oded Ger.
We were very pleased and content with the services of this law firm. They supported us 100% and solved our case successfully, we couldn't be happier.
competent consulting, fast processing, reliable, warm & good team. highly recommended
The best lawyer firm I’ve had dealt with. I would like to thank Anat Levi and Ariel Galili from the Jerusalem branch for all of their efforts and patience, we could not have been Able to reach to where we are now without them
Spanish Jewish expellees in Turkey brought with them great economic capital and were considered members of the European bourgeoisie. As they settled in Turkey, the Spanish expellees made Ladino into the Jewish mother tongue, and their intellectual and diplomatic skills enabled them to gain significant influence over the sultans and their policies.
Are you seeking an attorney in Jerusalem or Tel Aviv to help you with Portuguese citizenship? Our offices specialize in arranging Portuguese citizenship and obtaining Portuguese passports for descendants of Spanish or Portuguese Jews.
Spanish Jewish Expellees in Turkey
The expulsion of Spanish Jews in 1492 spurred the emigration of tens of thousands of Jewish refugees who wandered to the ends of the earth as they fled the horrific tortures of the Christian Inquisition. The Ottoman Empire, under Sultan Bayezid II, took in most of the expellee population. He issued a “firman” (royal decree) which was transmitted to the rulers of all the vilayets (provinces) of the Ottoman Empire. The sultan ordered that all Jewish refugees be given right of residency in the cities of the far-flung Empire. Likewise, the Ottoman Sultan ordered that the Jews be taken into all the flourishing commercial cities of the time in Turkey (Anatolia) itself. Any provincial ruler who violated the firman faced the death penalty.
The Spanish Jewish expellees who arrived in Turkey settled in four central cities, which over time would become important trading cities on a world-wide scale. These cities were Istanbul (known by the Jews as Kushta/Kushtadina), Adana, Izmir, and Bursa. As in most of the cities of the Ottoman Empire, the existing Romaniot Jewish communities in Turkey were swallowed up by the waves of Jewish immigrants from Spain. A census in Istanbul in 1477 listed 1,647 families. Fifty years later, in 1527, the census showed about 8,600 Jewish families. Among Turkish Jews today, 96% have Sephardic roots and only 4% Ashkenazi.
Famous families among the Spanish expellee communities in Turkey
During the 16th century, the leading bankers in Istanbul were Jews and Greeks. Most of the Jewish bankers were from Spain and became known as financial moguls. The most illustrious banking family was Mendes Benveniste. The noblewoman Dona Gracia was one of the most distinguished members of this family, known for her contribution to Jewish communities throughout Europe and her financial support of seminaries scattered across the Middle East. Don Yosef and Alvero Mendes Benveniste were appointed by the sultan as dukes; the former was given authority over the Greek island of Naxos, the latter over Mitilini on the island of Lesbos.
Jews took leadership in other areas as well as banking. The first printing press in Istanbul was established in 1493 by the Sephardic Jews David and Samuel Ibn Nahmias. In addition, most of the sultan’s doctors constituted a Jewish elite. This group included Daniel Fonseca, Hakim Yakub, Gabriel Buonaventura, and Joseph and Moses Hamon. The last established a seminary in Istanbul with his own money and appointed Rabbi Yosef Taitazak of Salonica to head it.
Torah commentary by Sephardi expellees in Turkey
In the Torah sphere, Turkey was a gold mine for the Sephardic and Ladino communities. Rabbi Jacob Culi composed the Torah compendium Me’am Lo’ez, a monumental, 23-volume commentary on the Torah in Ladino. Written for the average reader and divided according to the weekly Torah portions, it combines Talmudic midrashim with sections on Jewish law culled from Rabbi Joseph Caro’s Shulchan Aruch and the Rambam’s Mishneh Torah. The compendium Me’am Lo’ez remains to this day the most important work in the Ladino language.
The work’s broad scope indicates that Ladino was the ruling language among Turkish Jews. Rabbi Haim Palachi, Rabbi of Izmir, a writer in Ladino, adjudicator of Jewish law, commentator, and Kabbalist, maintained contact with Baron de Rothschild and Sir Moses Montefiore; in addition, he was a well-known writer, author of 80 works. His works addressed books of Mussar (ethics) and connections to the Bible, the Talmud, Jewish law, and kabbalah.
The Chief Rabbi of the Jewish community of the Ottoman Empire, appointed by the sultan, was given the title “Hakham Bashi”. His responsibilities included appointing rabbis in the various provinces and collecting taxes from the Jewish community. He had the authority to enact laws and rulings for all Jews in the Empire.
List of informational articles about Spanish and Portuguese Jewish expellees
- Expellee communities in the four holy cities of the Land of Israel
- Bulgarian Jewry – Historical and modern integration of the expellee community
- Communities of Portuguese forced converts in Holland
- Ladino –Language of Sephardic Jews
- The Sephardic prayerbook – the formation of the Jewish prayerbook
Thank you to Mr. Jonathan Gavrielov for his help in researching and writing the articles.
Looking for an attorney to help you with Portuguese citizenship?
Our law offices specialize in helping descendants of Spanish Jewish expellees in Turkey, and throughout the world, to obtain Portuguese citizenship. We can help you find out whether you are eligible for Portuguese citizenship due to a family connection to Jews expelled from Spain or Portugal. This requires a simple genealogical check. Make an appointment with an emigration lawyer in Tel Aviv or Jerusalem, and we will be happy to assist with all the relevant information. Call for an initial consultation to clarify your eligibility for a Portuguese passport.