The best lawyer firm I’ve had dealt with. I would like to thank Anat Levi and Ariel Galili from the Jerusalem branch for all of their efforts and patience, we could not have been Able to reach to where we are now without them
We had a pleasure of working with Irena Rosenberg who assisted in getting our two U.S. born children registered in Israel and supported visa process for my wife in 2021. During the pandemic, my wife and I decided to move to Israel where I am originally from after living in the U.S. for over 20 years, but we had no idea how to go about securing visas before and after arriving in Israel. Irena is knowledgeable, reliable and competent lawyer who always had answers to all our questions which made us feel confident that everything would be fine with her assistance. We are now happily living in Israel and are so grateful to have Irena who is a genuinely nice person as our lawyer.
Very knowledgeable and professional
Best lawyer house from Israel! I couldn’t dealt with my situation without their professionalism and effectiveness. Their dedication to every legal aspect and their drive it’s how a true lawyer house can be!
Working in European market and international now, I couldn’t dare to let myself wide my wings on countries unknown to me. Definitely they’ll be the lawyers representing me, my business at every international aspect and on personal development.
When you hear Decker,Pex,Ofir &Co, you hear 10+ class services, luxurious professionals, confidentiality and exclusive attention to your needs.
Dongdiet & Nellie
We are very happy with the services. Somehow they managed to translate the law lingo into language we actually understand 😉 and their outstanding YouTube videos helped us to have a better grasp of what process we had to go through. Their patience, clear explanation and experience are very valuable. It's also very nice to know that you will receive response promptly; it made us feel we can really trust their services. We recommend all those looking for immigration lawyers to get in touch.
I really recommend the law office's services. The service is very professional and efficient, the price is right. I am satisfied with the services I needed and happy to have known them.
Courteous, clear, efficient service.
We highly recommend Adv. Mike Decker and have know him for many years. He has helped our family with many battles over the years. We recently received our permanent residency after 23 years in Israel. We so much appreciate Mike’s representation of us.
Excellent service, very friendly and helpful, fast responding and very patient. Highly recommend. I will choose them again next time if needed.
The team of lawyers and assistants are incredibly professional. Aiming to give their clients the advice possible regarding the normative and the law of Israel. With well trained and professional secretary at the front desk to the lawyers team, I could say that I had one of the most professional services possible. I'm super glad of choosing Joshua Pex of Law office for immigration solution, lawyers to advise in my case, to me, it is remarkable.
Oded Ger did an excellent job by reviewing a modeling contract I was offered. Explained the bad clauses in the contract, and their possible consequences. Thank you for your amazing job, your professionalism, your consultation and honesty. You showed me from your experience how it can be done differently. It was the best decision choosing you as my lawyer.
I highly recommend this firm, especially Oded Ger.
competent consulting, fast processing, reliable, warm & good team. highly recommended
Mr. Joshua Pex is knowledgeable and Professional. I really appreciate his courteous and direct approach.
I can highly recommend these services!
Every time we turned to Joshua we always got a professional quick and helpful respond.
I have been receiving services from this Law Firm for several years now and I want to say THANK YOU to the team, especially Joshua Pex. They are doing outstanding work. The services I have received for both our Israeli non profit association but also our social business have helped us solve many issues at hand and provided solutions in complicated situations. Personally, I am grateful for support in visa issues as a foreigner living now in Israel for many years.
I am delighted to report that my wife and I have just obtained our Israeli citizenship. We will be forever grateful for all of the help, guidance and support which Ariel Galili of Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. provided through this process.
I am a Jewish, 80-year-old American, and my wife is not Jewish. We had started the process on our own back in November 2020 via the Jewish Agency and Nefesh B’Nefesh, but soon became entangled in the delays and often-changing regulations due to Covid-19. The pandemic also caused delays in obtaining the required apostilles for various documents from various state agencies and the US State Department.
We found Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. On the internet and began working with Ariel in late November 2021. Ariel did a superb job of leading us through the process, helping us to understand which documents were essential, which would most likely be required, and which, though included on the list of required documents, were rarely required. He helped us several times to understand what was likely and unlikely to occur as “the next step.” Helping us manage our expectations was extremely useful to us.
Besides his knowing the laws, regulations and procedures, Ariel also made us feel that he was truly interested in helping us to successfully work through this process in as smooth, timely, and frustration-free manner as possible.
My wife and I strongly recommend anyone planning to go through this process seriously consider hiring Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. and, specifically, Ariel Galili.
I admire the Austrian citizenship team in Tel-Aviv branch! They deserve more then 5 stars!! They are very friendly and professional. I've got Austrian citizenship in 4 months for all family members which consists of 12 people! The entire team is very friendly and responsive. They are always answering questions and support during the process. I recommend to everyone. Was 100% satisfied.
Marce Ruth St. Rey
Party time in the heart, my beloved husband received his residence after so much time of battles and faith. Gratitude, God has blessed us with wonderful beings who have accompanied us, including a "precious angel" who touched our hearts, our excellent and fantastic lawyer: Maria Chernin Dekel, sweet and wonderful human being, who has guided us and stayed On our side. side in this intense legal transit whom we bless on every occasion. God bless you dear Maria, you have exceeded your professional duty by containing us and collaborating with us in hard times, very hard, for that we want to thank you publicly, you are unique!!!
We bless and thank the entire team at Decker Pex Tal Ofir Law Firm.
Michael and Ariellah Waizman
For Advocate Joshua Pex.
We were in a devastating situation when my wife received an order from the immigration office to leave Israel within 30 days, without any explanation, after we have been married and in the process for six and a half years. We heard of Advocate Pex through a friend of a friend. We contacted Mr. Pex and he was ready to help us when he heard of our situation.
The service is amazing! Always ready to assist without regard to the time it takes. The advice Mr. Pex gave us was great, such as what to do, he gave useful links, and advice about which officials to contact. The price for the service was great!
The process until we received the extension for another year for my wife was not long (3 months). Things started moving once Mr. Pex came into the picture.
We highly recommend Advocate Joshua Pex! We achieved our goal and the fear of deportation has been lifted!
The team at Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co have been awesome to work with in helping our US company establish banking in Israel and in providing counsel for legal needs in Israel. I highly recommend!
Joshua Pex was both an amazing human being and an inspiring human rights attorney. I reported directly to him for various activities I performed as in intern. I was impressed with his incredibly solid character. He is trustworthy, fair, and goes above and beyond to advocate for the vulnerable. He is completely trustworthy and high caliber in his work. His partners and employees are very blessed to work with him. I am honored to know them.
Josh has been helping me on and off for a few years now. I have needed legal advice and assistance with immigration due to a complex situation of mine, and he has been extremely available and responsive, honest and clear about my route and how to proceed. Very much recommended!
We were very satisfied with the service of Nehama. She was very professional in all her dealings and kept us informed all the way.
We highly recommend this law firm. They proved to be reliable, efficient and pleasant to work with.
A really excellent firm. They knew exactly how to handle my situation effectively and efficiently, and we got the result I needed without much fuss. Adi Berger was a wonderful advocate for me and I am deeply grateful for her help!
Extrmely friendly, professional and helpful. A big thank you to Irina especially from the Jerusalem office. Highly Recommended.
We were searching for a law firm that will be honest with us and really work hard for a satisfying result, it wasn't an easy task
We found them online; they were the only law firm from all of our searchings which were completely honest and NOT gave us just what we wanted to hear
Using them guaranteed honesty above all. A legal team that is friendly and cares for a superb result
They really care about helping their customers without any other interest
Nadia gave us service behind what we expected; she was professional which lead to fast and easy process with great result
We definitely recommend using them
We were very pleased and content with the services of this law firm. They supported us 100% and solved our case successfully, we couldn't be happier.
If you need to solve any complicated legal issue in Israel, don't hesitate to contact them. Otherwise you will loose hours/days/weeks with things that they can solve in minutes. They helped me to obtain my expert working visa in Israel and even after that they responded further questions and gave me advices related to administrative issues in Israel which saved me a lot of time. Irena Rosenberg and Michael Decker worked on my case, they are very professional and helpful. They will not let you down, feel free to contact them.
Incredibly knowledgeable, approachable, accessible, and evident across the board that they truly care about the people they are helping. They are quick to respond, engaged, and obviously top-notch lawyers. I couldn't recommend them highly enough. Thank you, Joshua and Itamar for your help with our Joint Life Application. You were a calming energy during a storm - always breathed a sigh of relief after speaking with you. It is so difficult to get straight answers from the Misrad Hapnim, but you guys are straight shooters. I appreciate your candor and evident integrity. Hope to work with you in the future, and will send everyone I know in need of legal aid your way. Thank you for your guidance and support.
We have been working with Decker, Pex Ofir & Co - Law Firm in Tel Aviv for many years very well. Because we appreciated their lawyers services, we recommended businesses and individuals again and again to go there as well.
Alexander P Gutterman
EU PASSPORT ! Big news! Thanks to Michael Decker and the other good people at the law office, as well as to the virtue of my ancestors, the cruelty of the Inquisition, reparations issued in the Iberian Peninsula, and etc, I am delighted to be on track for Portuguese and European Union Citizenship! A truly incredible development and one which brings me deep joy.
The Bulgarian Jewish Community is known for its colorful mixed heritage. Jews from all corners of Europe joined the Bulgarian community after being expelled from their home countries or exiled after pogroms. When the Spanish expellees arrived in Bulgaria, their ancient Sephardic traditions dramatically reshaped the character of Bulgarian Jewry.
Portuguese citizenship for those of Jewish Bulgarian ancestry is possible starting today! Bulgarian Jewish descendants are entitled to Portuguese citizenship, providing a European passport that enables the bearer to travel freely, work, or settle in any country belonging to the European Union, including Italy, Belgium, Germany, Holland, France, Hungary, and more.
The Bulgarian Jewish community
The expellees streaming out of Spain and Portugal sent a shock wave through the Jewish world. Their expulsion marked the peak of the Christian iron-fist policy against minorities in the Middle Ages. Throughout the summer of 1492, the expellees crowded onto docks along the Spanish coast, waiting to be evacuated on transfer boats. At that time, the Ottoman Empire ruled the Balkans and the Mediterranean. Sultan Bayezid II, known as an ally to Jews, instructed the Ottoman navy, under command of Admiral Kemal Reis, to evacuate the Jews safely to the Balkan territories. Meanwhile, his forces were busy dispatching public announcements throughout the Empire and Europe, declaring the Jewish refugees welcome to enter the territories of the Ottoman Empire. At this particular period, Ottoman territories included Anatolia (Turkey) and the Balkans.
The Bulgarian Jewish community under Ottoman rule
The expellees reached Bulgaria in four waves. While the first and second wave settled in Nikopol, the third settled in Sofia and the fourth wave, which arrived 50 years after the expulsion, settled in the city of Plovdiv. It became home to a community of forced converts called “the Holy Aragon Community of Plovdiv”. These massive waves of Spanish emigration immediately swallowed up the communities of Romaniotes (a term for Jews who had settled in that area since Roman times) and other tiny communities of Jews from Ashkenaz, Italy, and other places.
In Bulgaria, the Jews kept their distance from the Christians, who were mostly illiterate peasants and servants of the feudal Turkish lords. Bulgarian Jews were treated well under Ottoman rule, unlike Christians who were severely exploited and treated harshly. While Jews in Europe were a despised minority, in the Ottoman Empire they were considered a “protected” minority. These Jews enjoyed a respected status under Turkish rule and were seen as literate and educated. They were considered to have the knowledge to deal in whatever occupations they chose, unlike their Christian neighbors. With their commercial, diplomatic, and linguistic skills, they became extremely useful to the Sultan. Jewish expellees linked the Empire together in a cosmopolitan network of trade. Ladino quickly joined Turkish as a language of trade in Bulgaria.
Sultan Bayezid II uttered a famous phrase to his ministers, after bringing the Jews into his empire: “You dare to call Ferdinand [King of Spain] a wise ruler, he who impoverished his own country and enriched mine.”
Torah leaders of Bulgaria, descendants of Spanish and Portuguese expellees
Once the Spanish expellees settled in Bulgaria, they set up Jewish authorities such as rabbinical courts and seminaries. These seminaries were headed by illustrious community leaders and rabbis such as Rabbi Ishtrock ibn Shangi, rabbi of the Sephardic community in Sofia; Rabbi Joseph Karo, who founded his seminary Beit Yosef in Nikopol; Rabbi Eliezer Papo, author of the famous work of ethical literature “Pele Yo’etz” and rabbi of the Sephardic community in the city of Silistra; Rabbi Abraham Hadida, who served as the rabbi of the Sephardic community in Sofia for 50 years, until he emigrated to Israel; Rabbi Meir Angel, the chief rabbi and head of the rabbinical court in Sofia; and many other well-known leaders.
Over the years, the “foreign” Jews in Bulgaria – those without a Sephardic past – were given names based on their ancestry and historical affiliation. For example, Bulgarian Jews with French ancestry were called by the last names Tzarfati (from the root Tzarfat, France), Francis, and Franco. Romaniotes were given the name Romano; Jews from Bavaria in Germany were called Ashkenazi; those from Italy were named Mitrani, Graziani, Pizanti; and those with Hungarian affiliation, Magyar. This marked the local cultural dominance of Sephardi Jews, who kept their Iberic family names and patronymics.
Informational articles about Spanish and Portuguese expellees
Thank you to Jonathan Gavrielov for his help in researching and writing the articles.
- Spanish expellees and their activity in Israel
- Heritage of Saloniki – the Sephardic Rabbinical Golden Age
- The Life of Spanish Expellees in Egypt
- Algerian Expellee communities – Tradition and Historical Background
- Spanish and Portuguese Expellees Establish Community in Renaissance Italy
Contact us for assistance in emigrating to Portugal
Our law offices specialize in emigration and will accompany you without charge for the initial check of eligibility for Portuguese citizenship, which provides a European passport! Call to schedule a meeting with an attorney in Jerusalem or Tel Aviv regarding Portuguese citizenship for descendants of the Bulgarian Jewish community and Spanish expellees.