Skip to content
Contact Us: 03-3724722 | 055-9781688 | [email protected]

Who qualifies for an Austrian passport?

Michael Decker
Michael Decker

Morgan Jones

The team at Decker, Pex & Co have been awesome to work with in helping our US company establish banking in Israel and in providing counsel for legal needs in Israel. I highly recommend!

Shaltiel Devorah

Mr. Joshua Pex is knowledgeable and Professional. I really appreciate his courteous and direct approach.

Lauma Zariņa

This is definitely the best lawyer I know!!! very honest and super helpful he really helped me a lot dealing with immigration issues in Israel and it was very successful!
I highly recommend

Halvor Ronning

Courteous, clear, efficient service.

Shurouq Hajyassin

We were very satisfied with the consultation we had.
You were very straightforward with us , You tried to help us in every way you could . we really appreciate that.
And of course the fast reply we got from you on our emails and the appointment you gave us .
You deserve more than 5 stars????

Joshua Pex was both an amazing human being and an inspiring human rights attorney. I reported directly to him for various activities I performed as in intern. I was impressed with his incredibly solid character. He is trustworthy, fair, and goes above and beyond to advocate for the vulnerable. He is completely trustworthy and high caliber in his work. His partners and employees are very blessed to work with him. I am honored to know them.

Heather Lebrun

Sergei m Vashkevich

We came to Mr. Joshua with so many questions (and most of all, with so many concerns and worries) …

When we explained our case to him, first of all, he calmed us down and helped us to see the big picture, which took away our fears;

Then he presented us with a detailed explanation and a few options to explore, and a timeline, how things work and necessary steps to undertake on our part,

We thank and highly recommend Mr. Joshua for showing us so much empathy, care and professionalism (!)

Jacob Newberry

A really excellent firm. They knew exactly how to handle my situation effectively and efficiently, and we got the result I needed without much fuss. Adi Berger was a wonderful advocate for me and I am deeply grateful for her help!

Tomer Hila Birnbach

I received a recommendation from friends about the firm, and indeed every word is correct, a service team, professional, welcoming, a fair price for the work I requested, I am satisfied


We had a pleasure of working with Irena Rosenberg who assisted in getting our two U.S. born children registered in Israel and supported visa process for my wife in 2021. During the pandemic, my wife and I decided to move to Israel where I am originally from after living in the U.S. for over 20 years, but we had no idea how to go about securing visas before and after arriving in Israel. Irena is knowledgeable, reliable and competent lawyer who always had answers to all our questions which made us feel confident that everything would be fine with her assistance. We are now happily living in Israel and are so grateful to have Irena who is a genuinely nice person as our lawyer.

Arielle Bosch

Incredibly knowledgeable, approachable, accessible, and evident across the board that they truly care about the people they are helping. They are quick to respond, engaged, and obviously top-notch lawyers. I couldn't recommend them highly enough. Thank you, Joshua and Itamar for your help with our Joint Life Application. You were a calming energy during a storm - always breathed a sigh of relief after speaking with you. It is so difficult to get straight answers from the Misrad Hapnim, but you guys are straight shooters. I appreciate your candor and evident integrity. Hope to work with you in the future, and will send everyone I know in need of legal aid your way. Thank you for your guidance and support.

Esty A

I had a consultation with Batya and she was very helpful. She made sure I understood all the information I needed, and was patient with me in gathering documents I needed.

Kfir Cohen

We were searching for a law firm that will be honest with us and really work hard for a satisfying result, it wasn't an easy task
We found them online; they were the only law firm from all of our searchings which were completely honest and NOT gave us just what we wanted to hear
Using them guaranteed honesty above all. A legal team that is friendly and cares for a superb result
They really care about helping their customers without any other interest
Nadia gave us service behind what we expected; she was professional which lead to fast and easy process with great result
We definitely recommend using them

Adi Katina

Great Team. With no doubt, this office is actually thee best-leading office in Israel. Simply put, if you want your case to win, just join them, hand in your documents, and celebrate the victory.

Kindest regards,
Adi k.

Paul Prince

The team of lawyers and assistants are incredibly professional. Aiming to give their clients the advice possible regarding the normative and the law of Israel. With well trained and professional secretary at the front desk to the lawyers team, I could say that I had one of the most professional services possible. I'm super glad of choosing Joshua Pex of Law office for immigration solution, lawyers to advise in my case, to me, it is remarkable.

Dumitrascu Cristina

Best lawyer house from Israel! I couldn’t dealt with my situation without their professionalism and effectiveness. Their dedication to every legal aspect and their drive it’s how a true lawyer house can be!
Working in European market and international now, I couldn’t dare to let myself wide my wings on countries unknown to me. Definitely they’ll be the lawyers representing me, my business at every international aspect and on personal development.
When you hear Decker,Pex,Ofir &Co, you hear 10+ class services, luxurious professionals, confidentiality and exclusive attention to your needs.

lynn vonne

Excellent service, very friendly and helpful, fast responding and very patient. Highly recommend. I will choose them again next time if needed.

Наталья Мажуга

Great lawyers Joshua Pex and Nechama and Michael Deker who really want to help you and I have very trustful relationships with them. All my cases they took they won. Thank you and let’s keep working together

Matthias Oppliger

I have been receiving services from this Law Firm for several years now and I want to say THANK YOU to the team, especially Joshua Pex. They are doing outstanding work. The services I have received for both our Israeli non profit association but also our social business have helped us solve many issues at hand and provided solutions in complicated situations. Personally, I am grateful for support in visa issues as a foreigner living now in Israel for many years.

Eden Weiss

Extrmely friendly, professional and helpful. A big thank you to Irina especially from the Jerusalem office. Highly Recommended.

Priscilla Moses

competent consulting, fast processing, reliable, warm & good team. highly recommended

Andreas Kelling

We have been working with Decker, Pex & Co - Law Firm in Tel Aviv for many years very well. Because we appreciated their lawyers services, we recommended businesses and individuals again and again to go there as well.

Michael Soffer

I would like to recommend Attorney Yehuda Elcharar. He assisted both me and my company in a complex lawsuit. He handled negotiations that led to a favorable outcome much quicker than expected.

I am extremely pleased with choosing Attorney Elcharar. Many thanks also to the office team, Oz and Chaya, for their assistance throughout the entire process.

Thanks again ????

Gáspár Erőss

If you need to solve any complicated legal issue in Israel, don't hesitate to contact them. Otherwise you will loose hours/days/weeks with things that they can solve in minutes. They helped me to obtain my expert working visa in Israel and even after that they responded further questions and gave me advices related to administrative issues in Israel which saved me a lot of time. Irena Rosenberg and Michael Decker worked on my case, they are very professional and helpful. They will not let you down, feel free to contact them.

Marce Ruth St. Rey

Party time in the heart, my beloved husband received his residence after so much time of battles and faith. Gratitude, God has blessed us with wonderful beings who have accompanied us, including a "precious angel" who touched our hearts, our excellent and fantastic lawyer: Maria Chernin Dekel, sweet and wonderful human being, who has guided us and stayed On our side. side in this intense legal transit whom we bless on every occasion. God bless you dear Maria, you have exceeded your professional duty by containing us and collaborating with us in hard times, very hard, for that we want to thank you publicly, you are unique!!!
We bless and thank the entire team at Decker Pex Tal Ofir Law Firm.

Michael and Ariellah Waizman

For Advocate Joshua Pex.

We were in a devastating situation when my wife received an order from the immigration office to leave Israel within 30 days, without any explanation, after we have been married and in the process for six and a half years. We heard of Advocate Pex through a friend of a friend. We contacted Mr. Pex and he was ready to help us when he heard of our situation.

The service is amazing! Always ready to assist without regard to the time it takes. The advice Mr. Pex gave us was great, such as what to do, he gave useful links, and advice about which officials to contact. The price for the service was great!

The process until we received the extension for another year for my wife was not long (3 months). Things started moving once Mr. Pex came into the picture.

We highly recommend Advocate Joshua Pex! We achieved our goal and the fear of deportation has been lifted!

Alexander P Gutterman

EU PASSPORT ! Big news! Thanks to Michael Decker and the other good people at the law office, as well as to the virtue of my ancestors, the cruelty of the Inquisition, reparations issued in the Iberian Peninsula, and etc, I am delighted to be on track for Portuguese and European Union Citizenship! A truly incredible development and one which brings me deep joy.


We were very pleased and content with the services of this law firm. They supported us 100% and solved our case successfully, we couldn't be happier.

Amir Abt

The best lawyer firm I’ve had dealt with. I would like to thank Anat Levi and Ariel Galili from the Jerusalem branch for all of their efforts and patience, we could not have been Able to reach to where we are now without them

David De La Rosa

Very friendly, professional, and effective, highly recommended

Sophie Cooperman

Oded Ger did an excellent job by reviewing a modeling contract I was offered. Explained the bad clauses in the contract, and their possible consequences. Thank you for your amazing job, your professionalism, your consultation and honesty. You showed me from your experience how it can be done differently. It was the best decision choosing you as my lawyer.
I highly recommend this firm, especially Oded Ger.

Josh W-S

The firm had a quick response to my last-minute needs, they were helpful in communicating with me in English, and they fulfilled my needs in a timely fashion.

Sveta Vashkevich

We (myself and my husband) came to Mr. Joshua Pex – for his professional advice – and we received such human warmth and caring attitude, that our hearts melted …

His attention to our details and our situation peculiarities, combined with his professionalism and knowledge, helped us to map out what needs to be done on our part: we appreciate and recommend You, Mr. Joshua!

Greg Olson

We highly recommend Adv. Mike Decker and have know him for many years. He has helped our family with many battles over the years. We recently received our permanent residency after 23 years in Israel. We so much appreciate Mike’s representation of us.

Yossi Montrose

Very knowledgeable and professional

TarcisioePotira Freitas

I really recommend the law office's services. The service is very professional and efficient, the price is right. I am satisfied with the services I needed and happy to have known them.

Genaan Abdelall

I cannot recommend Nechama enough! Her expertise, professionalism, and dedication to her clients is unparalleled. From the moment I reached out to her, she provided clear and concise communication, and helped me navigate through a complex legal issue with ease.

Throughout the entire process, Nechama went above and beyond to ensure that I was informed and comfortable with every decision. She demonstrated a deep knowledge of the law, and was able to offer sound advice that ultimately led to a positive outcome.

What sets Nechama apart is her compassionate and empathetic approach to her clients. She truly cares about the well-being of her clients, and it shows in the way she handles every case.

If you are in need of a lawyer, I highly recommend Nechama.

Michelle Long

Josh has been helping me on and off for a few years now. I have needed legal advice and assistance with immigration due to a complex situation of mine, and he has been extremely available and responsive, honest and clear about my route and how to proceed. Very much recommended!

Lilian Granovsky

I can highly recommend these services!
Every time we turned to Joshua we always got a professional quick and helpful respond.

Dongdiet & Nellie

We are very happy with the services. Somehow they managed to translate the law lingo into language we actually understand 😉 and their outstanding YouTube videos helped us to have a better grasp of what process we had to go through. Their patience, clear explanation and experience are very valuable. It's also very nice to know that you will receive response promptly; it made us feel we can really trust their services. We recommend all those looking for immigration lawyers to get in touch.

Israel iluz

We were very satisfied with the service of Nehama. She was very professional in all her dealings and kept us informed all the way.
We highly recommend this law firm. They proved to be reliable, efficient and pleasant to work with.

Prima Lorenzo

I admire the Austrian citizenship team in Tel-Aviv branch! They deserve more then 5 stars!! They are very friendly and professional. I've got Austrian citizenship in 4 months for all family members which consists of 12 people! The entire team is very friendly and responsive. They are always answering questions and support during the process. I recommend to everyone. Was 100% satisfied.

Stuart Safft

I am delighted to report that my wife and I have just obtained our Israeli citizenship. We will be forever grateful for all of the help, guidance and support which Ariel Galili of Decker, Pex & Co. provided through this process.
I am a Jewish, 80-year-old American, and my wife is not Jewish. We had started the process on our own back in November 2020 via the Jewish Agency and Nefesh B’Nefesh, but soon became entangled in the delays and often-changing regulations due to Covid-19. The pandemic also caused delays in obtaining the required apostilles for various documents from various state agencies and the US State Department.
We found Decker, Pex & Co. On the internet and began working with Ariel in late November 2021. Ariel did a superb job of leading us through the process, helping us to understand which documents were essential, which would most likely be required, and which, though included on the list of required documents, were rarely required. He helped us several times to understand what was likely and unlikely to occur as “the next step.” Helping us manage our expectations was extremely useful to us.
Besides his knowing the laws, regulations and procedures, Ariel also made us feel that he was truly interested in helping us to successfully work through this process in as smooth, timely, and frustration-free manner as possible.
My wife and I strongly recommend anyone planning to go through this process seriously consider hiring Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. and, specifically, Ariel Galili.

Austrian Citizenship – the updated admission and eligibility conditions 2023

Our firm specializes in obtaining Austrian citizenship for eligible descendants of  Austrian Holocaust and persecution survivors. This article will provide important legal and historical information on obtaining Austrian citizenship in order to make it clear whether you, the reader, are entitled to an Austrian passport. The article is based on customer questions we have received over the past year.

The article will review the history of Austrian Jews, especially in Vienna, the number of Jews who had to flee Austria over the years, the countries they have emigrated to as well as the number of  descendants of Austrian Jews who may be entitled to a European Austrian passport.

If, after reading the article, you are still not sure whether you are eligible, we recommend contacting the office for further information.

Austrian citizenship eligibility

The Austrian “law of return” calls on the offspring whose ancestors were persecuted by the Nazis to determine their eligibility for an Austrian citizen. But first of all, it is important to know how many details about the number of eligible people in the world; Where do they live and what are the criteria for receiving the passport? Here are some common questions and answers:

What is the number of descendants eligible citizenship?

About 200,000 people around the world.

What countries are most eligible?

Mostly Israel, the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Argentina, Brazil, Australia and Italy. Other countries to which former Austrian Jews fled include South Africa, Central America and more.

In what years did most Austria Jews fled the country and to where?

From 1938-1945, a total of 126,500 Jews, our of a population of 176,000 managed to leave Austria. Among them 55,500 fled to other European countries. 30,840 Jews emigrated to Britain, 28,650 for the United States, 18,050 to China (the port city of Shanghai), 11,600 to the south and Central America and almost 10,000 to Palestine.

The rest found shelter in over eighty countries around the world. Of those who fled to European countries, 17,610 came to places which were later occupied by the Germans, and close to 13,000 died in concentration camps.

Austrian Citizenship for Holocaust Survivors

Many customers ask us whether it is possible to receive an Austrian citizenship if their ancestors lived in Austria? Yes. But depending on when they lived there and when left the country. In detail:

Can any person whose ancestors were former Austrians have to accept citizenship?

No. They must have left Austria during the rise of the Third Reich \ post WWII.

What are the years specifically are those?

From 1933 until 1955.Who qualifies for an Austrian passport?

If my ancestors were in Austria during these years, I am entitled to Austrian citizenship?

Correct. If your ancestors lived in Austria between 1933-1945 and left it between 1933-1955 due to the persecution, you are eligible.

Is there a limited number of generations after which the citizenship is no longer inheritable?

No. In fact, there is no generations limit. Grand-grand-grandchildren etc may yet receive a citizenship by descent.

My grandmother was a victim of Nazi persecution. But my father, her son, does not want the passport. Can I submit a statement?

Yes. Any eligible descendants can ask for an Austrian passport even when “skipping” generations..

Does the law also apply to adopted children?

Yes, provided that these are children adopted as minors.

Are those who lived in Austria in 1933-1955 eligible for a passport if they had no Austrian citizenship?

Yes. Due to anti-Semitism that was prevalent in the 1920s and 30s, Austria authorities did not recognize a large number of Jews rightful residents and therefore did not rush to grant citizenship. Today, the Austrian state recognizes injustice that caused and descendants of these Austrian residents will be able to receive citizenship.

Can my spouse apply for citizenship?

If your spouse is not offspring of those persecuted in Austria by the Nazi authorities and/or their supporters, they will not be able to apply on this basis, but may apply for citizenship after living with you in Austria.

Army and volunteer service

I was drafted into a foreign army, an I eligible?

Because mandatory service is not voluntary, you are entitled to an Austrian passport.

Does a career \ volunteer army service prevent me from applying?

Perhaps the most relevant question for Israelis. Please note – an Israeli serving as an officer \ career NCO is not entitled to obtain Austrian citizenship, and any Austrian citizenship who volunteers to serve in the IDF, whether regular or career service, will have his citizenship revoked.

I am an army officer and I wanted to know if my children are entitled to apply?

Your children and grandchildren can apply. But you cannot do so while serving in a foreign army.Who qualifies for an Austrian passport?

I have been serving in reserve duty for over ten years, can Austrian citizenship be obtained?

Definitely. A reservists in both regular army service and former officers are entitled to apply. This is because this type of military service is not voluntary.

Common general questions

My great grandfather left Austria in the late 19th century, am I entitled to apply?

Eligibility is for those whose ancestors fled the Austrian state between 1933 and until May 1955.

My parents were born in the Danube countries (Romania and Moldova) who have been ruled by 1918 by the Austro-Hungarian power, am I entitled?

The initial parameter for eligibility is that your parents lived in the Austrian Republic for a period from 1933-1955. If you did not live within the borders of modern day Austria, you are not entitled.

Does acquiring Austrian citizenship involve automatically lose your existing citizenship?

Israelis will not lose their citizenship if they receive Austrian citizenship. The Austrian Parliament permits Holocaust survivors and their descendants to hold an Austrian citizenship in addition to additional citizenship. The same goes for American citizens. However, note that there are countries – including the Netherlands and Ukraine – which do not allow their citizens to hold another citizenship in addition to their own.

If I have more than one citizenship, can I get an additional Austrian citizenship?

In case you have more than one citizenship you are entitled to obtain Austrian citizenship. However, it is important to make sure with the competent authority in your country that you will not lose either citizenship you already have.

Historical background of Austrian Jews – Vienna

In the 1920s, one of nine Viennese was Jewish. Vienna contained the sixth largest Jewish population in the world, with just over 200,000.

Constitutional rights granted to Austrian Jews from 1848-1867, especially the right to live where they wanted, to hold property and acquire a professional skills.

However, when talking about Austria (Austro-Hungarian empire) during these years, we are talking about a power that held territory all over the eastern part of Europe. Its size was about 700,000 square kilometers. As a result, tens of thousands of Jews who lived in the empire came to live on the territory that today is defined as Austria – a country in Central Europe, which is about 84,000 sqm.

Most of the Jews as said they preferred to emigrate to Vienna. The capital at the same time was a successful, enlightened and well -developed business city with a great many educated population. From this prosperous layer about a quarter were Jews.

Vienna proved a major attraction for European Jews in the 19th and 20th centuries. These came mainly from the Czech Republic and Hungary, but also from Eastern European countries.

In 1857, less than 3,000 Jews lived in the capital. However, only twelve years later in 1869 there were already 40,000 Jews. In 1880, their numbers were estimated at about 73,000, and in 1890 was almost 120,000. In 1910, the number increased to 175,000 and the record was in 1923- when all Jews in the city were slightly more than 200,000, accounting for 11% of the population.

However, in 1934, we see the departure of about 30,000 Jews from Vienna. In 1951 – after the Holocaust, their numbers stood at 9,000 in total

Notable achievements of Austrian Jews

Austrian Jews were a rare social phenomenon. In the midst of an anti -Semitic population, the Jews were able to flourish, invent and develop their skills in high numbers. In fact, the numbers were probably higher than anywhere else. The small population stood out in the social aspect that raised the prestige of the entire country of Austria on its shoulders. Whether it is the fields of science, mental science (psychology), business, entrepreneurship, development and more.

In 1934, it was estimated to over 50% of all doctors in Vienna were Jewish. One-third of the apothecaries were Jewish, 40% of all the city’s jewelers were Jewish, 63% of cinema owners, 85% of lawyers, 74% of the sommeliers, a third of the photographers in the city, 40% of the coffee operators, 21 % of Opticians, one-third of the dental technicians and 95% of the advertising bureaus.

Our thanks to Mr. Jonathan Gabrielov in writing the historical part of the article.

For more information contact our experts

Our office submits requests for the offspring of Austrian Jews who were persecuted or feared persecution by the Nazis and their assistants. This also includes Austrian citizenship for grandchildren and  grand-grandchildren. We will be happy to advise you on matters related to Austrian citizenship.

Contact Us

  • ✓ Valid number ✕ Invalid number
  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Scroll To Top