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What is a Road Accident? (Legal Information)

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Party time in the heart, my beloved husband received his residence after so much time of battles and faith. Gratitude, God has blessed us with wonderful beings who have accompanied us, including a "precious angel" who touched our hearts, our excellent and fantastic lawyer: Maria Chernin Dekel, sweet and wonderful human being, who has guided us and stayed On our side. side in this intense legal transit whom we bless on every occasion. God bless you dear Maria, you have exceeded your professional duty by containing us and collaborating with us in hard times, very hard, for that we want to thank you publicly, you are unique!!!
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I have been receiving services from this Law Firm for several years now and I want to say THANK YOU to the team, especially Joshua Pex. They are doing outstanding work. The services I have received for both our Israeli non profit association but also our social business have helped us solve many issues at hand and provided solutions in complicated situations. Personally, I am grateful for support in visa issues as a foreigner living now in Israel for many years.

Dumitrascu Cristina

Best lawyer house from Israel! I couldn’t dealt with my situation without their professionalism and effectiveness. Their dedication to every legal aspect and their drive it’s how a true lawyer house can be!
Working in European market and international now, I couldn’t dare to let myself wide my wings on countries unknown to me. Definitely they’ll be the lawyers representing me, my business at every international aspect and on personal development.
When you hear Decker,Pex,Ofir &Co, you hear 10+ class services, luxurious professionals, confidentiality and exclusive attention to your needs.

Paul Prince

The team of lawyers and assistants are incredibly professional. Aiming to give their clients the advice possible regarding the normative and the law of Israel. With well trained and professional secretary at the front desk to the lawyers team, I could say that I had one of the most professional services possible. I'm super glad of choosing Joshua Pex of Law office for immigration solution, lawyers to advise in my case, to me, it is remarkable.

Priscilla Moses

competent consulting, fast processing, reliable, warm & good team. highly recommended

Adi Katina

Great Team. With no doubt, this office is actually thee best-leading office in Israel. Simply put, if you want your case to win, just join them, hand in your documents, and celebrate the victory.

Kindest regards,
Adi k.

Наталья Мажуга

Great lawyers Joshua Pex and Nechama and Michael Deker who really want to help you and I have very trustful relationships with them. All my cases they took they won. Thank you and let’s keep working together

Halvor Ronning

Courteous, clear, efficient service.

TarcisioePotira Freitas

I really recommend the law office's services. The service is very professional and efficient, the price is right. I am satisfied with the services I needed and happy to have known them.

Josh W-S

The firm had a quick response to my last-minute needs, they were helpful in communicating with me in English, and they fulfilled my needs in a timely fashion.

Sergei m Vashkevich

We came to Mr. Joshua with so many questions (and most of all, with so many concerns and worries) …

When we explained our case to him, first of all, he calmed us down and helped us to see the big picture, which took away our fears;

Then he presented us with a detailed explanation and a few options to explore, and a timeline, how things work and necessary steps to undertake on our part,

We thank and highly recommend Mr. Joshua for showing us so much empathy, care and professionalism (!)

Lilian Granovsky

I can highly recommend these services!
Every time we turned to Joshua we always got a professional quick and helpful respond.

Michael and Ariellah Waizman

For Advocate Joshua Pex.

We were in a devastating situation when my wife received an order from the immigration office to leave Israel within 30 days, without any explanation, after we have been married and in the process for six and a half years. We heard of Advocate Pex through a friend of a friend. We contacted Mr. Pex and he was ready to help us when he heard of our situation.

The service is amazing! Always ready to assist without regard to the time it takes. The advice Mr. Pex gave us was great, such as what to do, he gave useful links, and advice about which officials to contact. The price for the service was great!

The process until we received the extension for another year for my wife was not long (3 months). Things started moving once Mr. Pex came into the picture.

We highly recommend Advocate Joshua Pex! We achieved our goal and the fear of deportation has been lifted!

Sveta Vashkevich

We (myself and my husband) came to Mr. Joshua Pex – for his professional advice – and we received such human warmth and caring attitude, that our hearts melted …

His attention to our details and our situation peculiarities, combined with his professionalism and knowledge, helped us to map out what needs to be done on our part: we appreciate and recommend You, Mr. Joshua!

Esty A

I had a consultation with Batya and she was very helpful. She made sure I understood all the information I needed, and was patient with me in gathering documents I needed.

lynn vonne

Excellent service, very friendly and helpful, fast responding and very patient. Highly recommend. I will choose them again next time if needed.

Amir Abt

The best lawyer firm I’ve had dealt with. I would like to thank Anat Levi and Ariel Galili from the Jerusalem branch for all of their efforts and patience, we could not have been Able to reach to where we are now without them

Sophie Cooperman

Oded Ger did an excellent job by reviewing a modeling contract I was offered. Explained the bad clauses in the contract, and their possible consequences. Thank you for your amazing job, your professionalism, your consultation and honesty. You showed me from your experience how it can be done differently. It was the best decision choosing you as my lawyer.
I highly recommend this firm, especially Oded Ger.

Dongdiet & Nellie

We are very happy with the services. Somehow they managed to translate the law lingo into language we actually understand 😉 and their outstanding YouTube videos helped us to have a better grasp of what process we had to go through. Their patience, clear explanation and experience are very valuable. It's also very nice to know that you will receive response promptly; it made us feel we can really trust their services. We recommend all those looking for immigration lawyers to get in touch.

Kfir Cohen

We were searching for a law firm that will be honest with us and really work hard for a satisfying result, it wasn't an easy task
We found them online; they were the only law firm from all of our searchings which were completely honest and NOT gave us just what we wanted to hear
Using them guaranteed honesty above all. A legal team that is friendly and cares for a superb result
They really care about helping their customers without any other interest
Nadia gave us service behind what we expected; she was professional which lead to fast and easy process with great result
We definitely recommend using them

Michelle Long

Josh has been helping me on and off for a few years now. I have needed legal advice and assistance with immigration due to a complex situation of mine, and he has been extremely available and responsive, honest and clear about my route and how to proceed. Very much recommended!

Prima Lorenzo

I admire the Austrian citizenship team in Tel-Aviv branch! They deserve more then 5 stars!! They are very friendly and professional. I've got Austrian citizenship in 4 months for all family members which consists of 12 people! The entire team is very friendly and responsive. They are always answering questions and support during the process. I recommend to everyone. Was 100% satisfied.

Morgan Jones

The team at Decker, Pex & Co have been awesome to work with in helping our US company establish banking in Israel and in providing counsel for legal needs in Israel. I highly recommend!

David De La Rosa

Very friendly, professional, and effective, highly recommended


We had a pleasure of working with Irena Rosenberg who assisted in getting our two U.S. born children registered in Israel and supported visa process for my wife in 2021. During the pandemic, my wife and I decided to move to Israel where I am originally from after living in the U.S. for over 20 years, but we had no idea how to go about securing visas before and after arriving in Israel. Irena is knowledgeable, reliable and competent lawyer who always had answers to all our questions which made us feel confident that everything would be fine with her assistance. We are now happily living in Israel and are so grateful to have Irena who is a genuinely nice person as our lawyer.

Greg Olson

We highly recommend Adv. Mike Decker and have know him for many years. He has helped our family with many battles over the years. We recently received our permanent residency after 23 years in Israel. We so much appreciate Mike’s representation of us.

Yossi Montrose

Very knowledgeable and professional

Shurouq Hajyassin

We were very satisfied with the consultation we had.
You were very straightforward with us , You tried to help us in every way you could . we really appreciate that.
And of course the fast reply we got from you on our emails and the appointment you gave us .
You deserve more than 5 stars????

Genaan Abdelall

I cannot recommend Nechama enough! Her expertise, professionalism, and dedication to her clients is unparalleled. From the moment I reached out to her, she provided clear and concise communication, and helped me navigate through a complex legal issue with ease.

Throughout the entire process, Nechama went above and beyond to ensure that I was informed and comfortable with every decision. She demonstrated a deep knowledge of the law, and was able to offer sound advice that ultimately led to a positive outcome.

What sets Nechama apart is her compassionate and empathetic approach to her clients. She truly cares about the well-being of her clients, and it shows in the way she handles every case.

If you are in need of a lawyer, I highly recommend Nechama.

Arielle Bosch

Incredibly knowledgeable, approachable, accessible, and evident across the board that they truly care about the people they are helping. They are quick to respond, engaged, and obviously top-notch lawyers. I couldn't recommend them highly enough. Thank you, Joshua and Itamar for your help with our Joint Life Application. You were a calming energy during a storm - always breathed a sigh of relief after speaking with you. It is so difficult to get straight answers from the Misrad Hapnim, but you guys are straight shooters. I appreciate your candor and evident integrity. Hope to work with you in the future, and will send everyone I know in need of legal aid your way. Thank you for your guidance and support.

Stuart Safft

I am delighted to report that my wife and I have just obtained our Israeli citizenship. We will be forever grateful for all of the help, guidance and support which Ariel Galili of Decker, Pex & Co. provided through this process.
I am a Jewish, 80-year-old American, and my wife is not Jewish. We had started the process on our own back in November 2020 via the Jewish Agency and Nefesh B’Nefesh, but soon became entangled in the delays and often-changing regulations due to Covid-19. The pandemic also caused delays in obtaining the required apostilles for various documents from various state agencies and the US State Department.
We found Decker, Pex & Co. On the internet and began working with Ariel in late November 2021. Ariel did a superb job of leading us through the process, helping us to understand which documents were essential, which would most likely be required, and which, though included on the list of required documents, were rarely required. He helped us several times to understand what was likely and unlikely to occur as “the next step.” Helping us manage our expectations was extremely useful to us.
Besides his knowing the laws, regulations and procedures, Ariel also made us feel that he was truly interested in helping us to successfully work through this process in as smooth, timely, and frustration-free manner as possible.
My wife and I strongly recommend anyone planning to go through this process seriously consider hiring Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. and, specifically, Ariel Galili.

Joshua Pex was both an amazing human being and an inspiring human rights attorney. I reported directly to him for various activities I performed as in intern. I was impressed with his incredibly solid character. He is trustworthy, fair, and goes above and beyond to advocate for the vulnerable. He is completely trustworthy and high caliber in his work. His partners and employees are very blessed to work with him. I am honored to know them.

Heather Lebrun

Shaltiel Devorah

Mr. Joshua Pex is knowledgeable and Professional. I really appreciate his courteous and direct approach.

Andreas Kelling

We have been working with Decker, Pex & Co - Law Firm in Tel Aviv for many years very well. Because we appreciated their lawyers services, we recommended businesses and individuals again and again to go there as well.

Eden Weiss

Extrmely friendly, professional and helpful. A big thank you to Irina especially from the Jerusalem office. Highly Recommended.

Jacob Newberry

A really excellent firm. They knew exactly how to handle my situation effectively and efficiently, and we got the result I needed without much fuss. Adi Berger was a wonderful advocate for me and I am deeply grateful for her help!

Gáspár Erőss

If you need to solve any complicated legal issue in Israel, don't hesitate to contact them. Otherwise you will loose hours/days/weeks with things that they can solve in minutes. They helped me to obtain my expert working visa in Israel and even after that they responded further questions and gave me advices related to administrative issues in Israel which saved me a lot of time. Irena Rosenberg and Michael Decker worked on my case, they are very professional and helpful. They will not let you down, feel free to contact them.

Michael Soffer

I would like to recommend Attorney Yehuda Elcharar. He assisted both me and my company in a complex lawsuit. He handled negotiations that led to a favorable outcome much quicker than expected.

I am extremely pleased with choosing Attorney Elcharar. Many thanks also to the office team, Oz and Chaya, for their assistance throughout the entire process.

Thanks again ????

Israel iluz

We were very satisfied with the service of Nehama. She was very professional in all her dealings and kept us informed all the way.
We highly recommend this law firm. They proved to be reliable, efficient and pleasant to work with.

Alexander P Gutterman

EU PASSPORT ! Big news! Thanks to Michael Decker and the other good people at the law office, as well as to the virtue of my ancestors, the cruelty of the Inquisition, reparations issued in the Iberian Peninsula, and etc, I am delighted to be on track for Portuguese and European Union Citizenship! A truly incredible development and one which brings me deep joy.

Tomer Hila Birnbach

I received a recommendation from friends about the firm, and indeed every word is correct, a service team, professional, welcoming, a fair price for the work I requested, I am satisfied

What is a Road Accident? The legal definition of the term “road \ vehicle \ car accident” is broader than the standard definition, of an injury caused following use of a motor vehicle (such as a car, motorcycle, truck, tractor, etc.). It might apply in cases where the vehicle was standing still, cases where an injury occurred while handling the motor vehicle, and even in cases involving non-standard vehicles (such as a forklift). This broad definition can sometimes create uncertainty in the question of whether a certain event can be classified as a road accident. In order to better understand what a road accident is, we have prepared this legal guide, in which a lawyer from our law firm, specializing in traffic law, explains what the law and the courts prescribe regarding the definition of a road accident.

Why is it so difficult to answer the question “What is a road accident”?

When we think about car accidents, we mostly imagine two vehicles colliding with each other, or running over a pedestrian. Though these are indeed salient examples of a vehicle accident, in actuality there is a rather broad spectrum of cases that can be included in this definition. Israeli Law with respect to Road Accident Victims Compensation provides a rather broad definition for road accidents. This definition might not only include cases of bodily damage caused following the use of a motor vehicle, but also, for example, cases of damage to a vehicle parked in a non-parking area. Likewise, the definition might include cases where a part of a motor vehicle, that is vital for driving, has caused an explosion or a fire, or cases where bodily damage is caused by abusing the vehicle’s mechanical power.

The broad definition prescribed in the law for the question of how to define a road accident, causes uncertainty when it comes to the question of what might be considered as a road accident. As a result, in more than a few cases, it’s impossible to definitively determine whether a certain event would be categorized as an auto accident or as another type of accident. Resolving this question is highly important, since, when it comes to events categorized as auto accidents, there’s no obligation to prove liability for the occurrence of the event in order to receive compensation for the accident from insurance companies. That is, compensation can be received in a much simpler and faster manner than filing a “regular” tort claim, where liability for the event would have to be proven, and where, in many cases, it is determined that the injured parties have contributed to the accident, to a certain extent (contributory fault) and will be awarded reduced compensation accordingly. For this reason, it’s important to have a good understanding of what might be classified as a road accident, and what the court has prescribed regarding this issue over the years. We provide detailed explanations below.

What does the law stipulate when it comes to tort claims following road accidents?

As mentioned above, the legal definition for the term “road accident” is broad, and includes more than just “regular” road accidents that include car collisions or running over pedestrians. The law stipulates that a road accident is “an event in which a person has suffered bodily damage following use of a motor vehicle for transportation purposes; the road accident shall also be considered as an event occurring following an explosion or fire in the vehicle, caused by a component of the vehicle or by another material integral to its capacity to drive, even if caused by an entity outside the vehicle, and in addition an event caused following damage to a vehicle parked in a non-parking area, or an event caused following abuse of the vehicle’s mechanical power, on the condition that during such use as aforesaid, such vehicle had not changed its original purpose; however, an event shall not be considered as a road accident it if occurred as a result of an act performed intentionally to cause damage to the body or property of the relevant person, and the damage was caused by the act itself, and not the act’s effect on the use of such motor vehicle.”

Over the years, the court has interpreted this definition and prescribed additional guidelines regarding this matter. For example, the Supreme Court has ruled in 1997 that even though it does not constitute a vehicle in the traditional sense (as opposed to a car or a truck), a forklift might be considered as a motor vehicle for the purpose of the law’s definition in this matter. However, one should examine in each case whether a certain forklift constitutes a dominant traffic risk under its specific circumstances. In contrast, the court has refused to recognize other cases as vehicle accidents, including forgetting a child on the bus, in a manner so as to cause her death (as determined in the ruling of CAA 3762/11). In another case from 2006 (CAA case 10721/05) the court determined that bodily damages, caused to riders in a vehicle following a rock explosion while paving a road, also do not constitute a vehicle accident. In these circumstances, there are many incidents that can be considered extreme cases, where it is impossible to know for certain whether the court might classify them as road accidents. In order to get a clear picture of any specific circumstances, it’s important to seek assistance and representation from a lawyer specializing in traffic and tort law in cases such as these, ideally as soon as possible following the date of the accident.What is a road accident

What does the law stipulate regarding the statute of limitations for road accidents?

In general, the law provides that a claim can be filed with respect to events constituting a road accident within 7 years following the date of the occurrence of the accident. However, there are exceptions to this rule, such as cases involving minors. With respect to minors, the general rule is that the count of the aforesaid 7 years only begins upon reaching 18 years of age. Likewise in cases where the accident’s damages were only discovered at a later date following the date of the accident, and could not have been reasonably discovered previously. In such cases, this may extend the statute of limitation period. For additional information on this subject, please see our comprehensive guide on the statute of limitations for road accidents, published on our law firm’s website.

Who can file claim with respect to a road accident?

In addition to the term “road accident,” the law also provides a broad definition for the tern “injured party.” According to the law, a party injured from a road accident can be “any person who suffered bodily damage in a road accident, except if such was caused as a result of a Hostile Action, as such term in defined in the Victims of Hostile Action (Pensions) Law.” This broad definition can include any person who drove the vehicle that was damaged as part of the road accident, the passengers in the vehicle who were injured, pedestrians injured, and any other person who suffered bodily damage as a result of the accident. The law excludes victims of hostile actions from the definition of a road accident, since separate legal provisions apply with regards to them, including unique guidelines with respect to Victims of Hostile Action Pensions.

What to do when the identity of the tortfeasor driver is unknown?

Cases of hit and run accidents, where a driver collides with another vehicle or runs over pedestrians, while their identity can’t be confirmed, can be particularly complex. This is because, even if the event can be decidedly classified as a road accident, the person responsible for the accident cannot be sued. In order to prevent a state where the people injured in these events (which, unfortunately, occur quite frequently in Israel), one may be able to file suit against a special compensation fund for road accident victims in cases of this kind, called “Karnit.” You can find additional information about this fund, and the possibilities available to road accident victims in cases of this kind, in another article published on our law firm’s website about compensation for road accident victims.

What is a road accident – contact a lawyer specializing in traffic and tort law

In this article, we have presented important information in order to answer the complex question of “What is a road accident?” We explained who may file suit with respect to it, how long you can file suit following the accident, and what you can do in cases of a hit and run accident, in which the driver’s identity is unknown. For any additional question on this topic, you’re welcome to contact our law firm, located in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, and we’ll be happy to help. Our law firm specializes in traffic and tort law, and provides our customers with a comprehensive array of legal services in cases of traffic accidents, bodily damage, property damage, and psychological damage caused following accidents.

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