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Suing for Sexual Harassment in Israel: A Comprehensive Guide

יהודה אלחרר
יהודה אלחרר

Shaltiel Devorah

Mr. Joshua Pex is knowledgeable and Professional. I really appreciate his courteous and direct approach.

Jacob Newberry

A really excellent firm. They knew exactly how to handle my situation effectively and efficiently, and we got the result I needed without much fuss. Adi Berger was a wonderful advocate for me and I am deeply grateful for her help!

Adi Katina

Great Team. With no doubt, this office is actually thee best-leading office in Israel. Simply put, if you want your case to win, just join them, hand in your documents, and celebrate the victory.

Kindest regards,
Adi k.

Michelle Long

Josh has been helping me on and off for a few years now. I have needed legal advice and assistance with immigration due to a complex situation of mine, and he has been extremely available and responsive, honest and clear about my route and how to proceed. Very much recommended!

Andreas Kelling

We have been working with Decker, Pex & Co - Law Firm in Tel Aviv for many years very well. Because we appreciated their lawyers services, we recommended businesses and individuals again and again to go there as well.

Lauma Zariņa

This is definitely the best lawyer I know!!! very honest and super helpful he really helped me a lot dealing with immigration issues in Israel and it was very successful!
I highly recommend

Alexander P Gutterman

EU PASSPORT ! Big news! Thanks to Michael Decker and the other good people at the law office, as well as to the virtue of my ancestors, the cruelty of the Inquisition, reparations issued in the Iberian Peninsula, and etc, I am delighted to be on track for Portuguese and European Union Citizenship! A truly incredible development and one which brings me deep joy.

Stuart Safft

I am delighted to report that my wife and I have just obtained our Israeli citizenship. We will be forever grateful for all of the help, guidance and support which Ariel Galili of Decker, Pex & Co. provided through this process.
I am a Jewish, 80-year-old American, and my wife is not Jewish. We had started the process on our own back in November 2020 via the Jewish Agency and Nefesh B’Nefesh, but soon became entangled in the delays and often-changing regulations due to Covid-19. The pandemic also caused delays in obtaining the required apostilles for various documents from various state agencies and the US State Department.
We found Decker, Pex & Co. On the internet and began working with Ariel in late November 2021. Ariel did a superb job of leading us through the process, helping us to understand which documents were essential, which would most likely be required, and which, though included on the list of required documents, were rarely required. He helped us several times to understand what was likely and unlikely to occur as “the next step.” Helping us manage our expectations was extremely useful to us.
Besides his knowing the laws, regulations and procedures, Ariel also made us feel that he was truly interested in helping us to successfully work through this process in as smooth, timely, and frustration-free manner as possible.
My wife and I strongly recommend anyone planning to go through this process seriously consider hiring Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. and, specifically, Ariel Galili.


We were very pleased and content with the services of this law firm. They supported us 100% and solved our case successfully, we couldn't be happier.

Arielle Bosch

Incredibly knowledgeable, approachable, accessible, and evident across the board that they truly care about the people they are helping. They are quick to respond, engaged, and obviously top-notch lawyers. I couldn't recommend them highly enough. Thank you, Joshua and Itamar for your help with our Joint Life Application. You were a calming energy during a storm - always breathed a sigh of relief after speaking with you. It is so difficult to get straight answers from the Misrad Hapnim, but you guys are straight shooters. I appreciate your candor and evident integrity. Hope to work with you in the future, and will send everyone I know in need of legal aid your way. Thank you for your guidance and support.

Dongdiet & Nellie

We are very happy with the services. Somehow they managed to translate the law lingo into language we actually understand 😉 and their outstanding YouTube videos helped us to have a better grasp of what process we had to go through. Their patience, clear explanation and experience are very valuable. It's also very nice to know that you will receive response promptly; it made us feel we can really trust their services. We recommend all those looking for immigration lawyers to get in touch.

Morgan Jones

The team at Decker, Pex & Co have been awesome to work with in helping our US company establish banking in Israel and in providing counsel for legal needs in Israel. I highly recommend!

Lilian Granovsky

I can highly recommend these services!
Every time we turned to Joshua we always got a professional quick and helpful respond.

Paul Prince

The team of lawyers and assistants are incredibly professional. Aiming to give their clients the advice possible regarding the normative and the law of Israel. With well trained and professional secretary at the front desk to the lawyers team, I could say that I had one of the most professional services possible. I'm super glad of choosing Joshua Pex of Law office for immigration solution, lawyers to advise in my case, to me, it is remarkable.

Michael and Ariellah Waizman

For Advocate Joshua Pex.

We were in a devastating situation when my wife received an order from the immigration office to leave Israel within 30 days, without any explanation, after we have been married and in the process for six and a half years. We heard of Advocate Pex through a friend of a friend. We contacted Mr. Pex and he was ready to help us when he heard of our situation.

The service is amazing! Always ready to assist without regard to the time it takes. The advice Mr. Pex gave us was great, such as what to do, he gave useful links, and advice about which officials to contact. The price for the service was great!

The process until we received the extension for another year for my wife was not long (3 months). Things started moving once Mr. Pex came into the picture.

We highly recommend Advocate Joshua Pex! We achieved our goal and the fear of deportation has been lifted!

Halvor Ronning

Courteous, clear, efficient service.

Michael Soffer

I would like to recommend Attorney Yehuda Elcharar. He assisted both me and my company in a complex lawsuit. He handled negotiations that led to a favorable outcome much quicker than expected.

I am extremely pleased with choosing Attorney Elcharar. Many thanks also to the office team, Oz and Chaya, for their assistance throughout the entire process.

Thanks again ????

Eden Weiss

Extrmely friendly, professional and helpful. A big thank you to Irina especially from the Jerusalem office. Highly Recommended.

Prima Lorenzo

I admire the Austrian citizenship team in Tel-Aviv branch! They deserve more then 5 stars!! They are very friendly and professional. I've got Austrian citizenship in 4 months for all family members which consists of 12 people! The entire team is very friendly and responsive. They are always answering questions and support during the process. I recommend to everyone. Was 100% satisfied.

Marce Ruth St. Rey

Party time in the heart, my beloved husband received his residence after so much time of battles and faith. Gratitude, God has blessed us with wonderful beings who have accompanied us, including a "precious angel" who touched our hearts, our excellent and fantastic lawyer: Maria Chernin Dekel, sweet and wonderful human being, who has guided us and stayed On our side. side in this intense legal transit whom we bless on every occasion. God bless you dear Maria, you have exceeded your professional duty by containing us and collaborating with us in hard times, very hard, for that we want to thank you publicly, you are unique!!!
We bless and thank the entire team at Decker Pex Tal Ofir Law Firm.


We had a pleasure of working with Irena Rosenberg who assisted in getting our two U.S. born children registered in Israel and supported visa process for my wife in 2021. During the pandemic, my wife and I decided to move to Israel where I am originally from after living in the U.S. for over 20 years, but we had no idea how to go about securing visas before and after arriving in Israel. Irena is knowledgeable, reliable and competent lawyer who always had answers to all our questions which made us feel confident that everything would be fine with her assistance. We are now happily living in Israel and are so grateful to have Irena who is a genuinely nice person as our lawyer.

Amir Abt

The best lawyer firm I’ve had dealt with. I would like to thank Anat Levi and Ariel Galili from the Jerusalem branch for all of their efforts and patience, we could not have been Able to reach to where we are now without them

Kfir Cohen

We were searching for a law firm that will be honest with us and really work hard for a satisfying result, it wasn't an easy task
We found them online; they were the only law firm from all of our searchings which were completely honest and NOT gave us just what we wanted to hear
Using them guaranteed honesty above all. A legal team that is friendly and cares for a superb result
They really care about helping their customers without any other interest
Nadia gave us service behind what we expected; she was professional which lead to fast and easy process with great result
We definitely recommend using them

Matthias Oppliger

I have been receiving services from this Law Firm for several years now and I want to say THANK YOU to the team, especially Joshua Pex. They are doing outstanding work. The services I have received for both our Israeli non profit association but also our social business have helped us solve many issues at hand and provided solutions in complicated situations. Personally, I am grateful for support in visa issues as a foreigner living now in Israel for many years.

Gáspár Erőss

If you need to solve any complicated legal issue in Israel, don't hesitate to contact them. Otherwise you will loose hours/days/weeks with things that they can solve in minutes. They helped me to obtain my expert working visa in Israel and even after that they responded further questions and gave me advices related to administrative issues in Israel which saved me a lot of time. Irena Rosenberg and Michael Decker worked on my case, they are very professional and helpful. They will not let you down, feel free to contact them.

Genaan Abdelall

I cannot recommend Nechama enough! Her expertise, professionalism, and dedication to her clients is unparalleled. From the moment I reached out to her, she provided clear and concise communication, and helped me navigate through a complex legal issue with ease.

Throughout the entire process, Nechama went above and beyond to ensure that I was informed and comfortable with every decision. She demonstrated a deep knowledge of the law, and was able to offer sound advice that ultimately led to a positive outcome.

What sets Nechama apart is her compassionate and empathetic approach to her clients. She truly cares about the well-being of her clients, and it shows in the way she handles every case.

If you are in need of a lawyer, I highly recommend Nechama.

Israel iluz

We were very satisfied with the service of Nehama. She was very professional in all her dealings and kept us informed all the way.
We highly recommend this law firm. They proved to be reliable, efficient and pleasant to work with.

lynn vonne

Excellent service, very friendly and helpful, fast responding and very patient. Highly recommend. I will choose them again next time if needed.

Sveta Vashkevich

We (myself and my husband) came to Mr. Joshua Pex – for his professional advice – and we received such human warmth and caring attitude, that our hearts melted …

His attention to our details and our situation peculiarities, combined with his professionalism and knowledge, helped us to map out what needs to be done on our part: we appreciate and recommend You, Mr. Joshua!

Joshua Pex was both an amazing human being and an inspiring human rights attorney. I reported directly to him for various activities I performed as in intern. I was impressed with his incredibly solid character. He is trustworthy, fair, and goes above and beyond to advocate for the vulnerable. He is completely trustworthy and high caliber in his work. His partners and employees are very blessed to work with him. I am honored to know them.

Heather Lebrun

Tomer Hila Birnbach

I received a recommendation from friends about the firm, and indeed every word is correct, a service team, professional, welcoming, a fair price for the work I requested, I am satisfied

Sergei m Vashkevich

We came to Mr. Joshua with so many questions (and most of all, with so many concerns and worries) …

When we explained our case to him, first of all, he calmed us down and helped us to see the big picture, which took away our fears;

Then he presented us with a detailed explanation and a few options to explore, and a timeline, how things work and necessary steps to undertake on our part,

We thank and highly recommend Mr. Joshua for showing us so much empathy, care and professionalism (!)

Наталья Мажуга

Great lawyers Joshua Pex and Nechama and Michael Deker who really want to help you and I have very trustful relationships with them. All my cases they took they won. Thank you and let’s keep working together

Priscilla Moses

competent consulting, fast processing, reliable, warm & good team. highly recommended

Esty A

I had a consultation with Batya and she was very helpful. She made sure I understood all the information I needed, and was patient with me in gathering documents I needed.

Dumitrascu Cristina

Best lawyer house from Israel! I couldn’t dealt with my situation without their professionalism and effectiveness. Their dedication to every legal aspect and their drive it’s how a true lawyer house can be!
Working in European market and international now, I couldn’t dare to let myself wide my wings on countries unknown to me. Definitely they’ll be the lawyers representing me, my business at every international aspect and on personal development.
When you hear Decker,Pex,Ofir &Co, you hear 10+ class services, luxurious professionals, confidentiality and exclusive attention to your needs.

David De La Rosa

Very friendly, professional, and effective, highly recommended

Josh W-S

The firm had a quick response to my last-minute needs, they were helpful in communicating with me in English, and they fulfilled my needs in a timely fashion.

Shurouq Hajyassin

We were very satisfied with the consultation we had.
You were very straightforward with us , You tried to help us in every way you could . we really appreciate that.
And of course the fast reply we got from you on our emails and the appointment you gave us .
You deserve more than 5 stars????

TarcisioePotira Freitas

I really recommend the law office's services. The service is very professional and efficient, the price is right. I am satisfied with the services I needed and happy to have known them.

Greg Olson

We highly recommend Adv. Mike Decker and have know him for many years. He has helped our family with many battles over the years. We recently received our permanent residency after 23 years in Israel. We so much appreciate Mike’s representation of us.

Sophie Cooperman

Oded Ger did an excellent job by reviewing a modeling contract I was offered. Explained the bad clauses in the contract, and their possible consequences. Thank you for your amazing job, your professionalism, your consultation and honesty. You showed me from your experience how it can be done differently. It was the best decision choosing you as my lawyer.
I highly recommend this firm, especially Oded Ger.

Yossi Montrose

Very knowledgeable and professional

Unfortunately, sexual harassment is a societal scourge in Israel, as it is in many countries worldwide. The Israeli legal system offers several avenues for victims to seek justice. In this article, we’ll discuss the legal framework when suing for sexual harassment in Israel.

Decker, Pex, Levi, Rosenberg, a leading law firm based in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, can help victims navigate the challenging process of suing for sexual harassment.

Suing for Sexual Harrasment in Israel

Legal Framework for Sexual Harassment in Israel

Israel has two primary laws that address sexual harassment: the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law (1998) and the Civil Wrongs Ordinance (1968). The Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law specifically targets sexual harassment and retaliation by the harasser. This law outlines various prohibited behaviors, such as unwelcome sexual advances, sexual extortion, and creating a hostile work environment. The Civil Wrongs Ordinance, on the other hand, is a broader law that allows victims to seek compensation for harm caused by another’s wrongful actions, including sexual harassment.

Is Sexual Harassment a Crime or a Civil Tort in Israel? 

Sexual harassment and retaliation against victims who speak out are defined in Israel as both civil wrongs and crimes. Therefore, the harassment victim has two possible tracks they can pursue. They can either begin the process by filing a criminal complaint with the police or choose the purely civil track and file a personal lawsuit against the victimizer. The legal procedures in the criminal courts and the civil courts are very different from each other. The statute of limitations, the burden of proof, and the judicial remedies differ. Before deciding whether to begin the judicial process and which track to choose, seeking professional legal counsel from an Israeli attorney is essential.Our law office can provide experienced legal consultations on how to deal with such dilemmas.  

The Criminal Complaint Route

When filing a sexual harassment complaint with the Israel Police, the victim has the right to choose the gender of the police officer who will record their complaint. In criminal cases, there is a five-year statute of limitations, after which the victim cannot file a criminal complaint for a misdemeanor. However, in the case of egregious sexual harassment (e.g., retaliation or threats against the victim to not come forward), the crime is considered a felony. It, therefore, is subject to a ten-year statute of limitations. In both cases, there are notable exceptions that apply. Consider consulting a lawyer before choosing which option is best for you, especially if some time has passed since the abusive act. 

Criminal Trials for Sexual Harassment in Israel

In criminal cases, the victim is not the plaintiff. Instead, the victim is considered a witness, whereas the state is the prosecutor. Accordingly, the state prosecutor is the party that decides whether to indict the perpetrator with a crime or not. The perpetrator can only be sentenced to prison in criminal court cases.

However, after a criminal case has been closed, the victim can proceed with a civil lawsuit regardless of whether there was a conviction or an acquittal or whether the perpetrator was ever indicted.

Civil Suits for Sexual Harassment in Israel

Victims can file a civil lawsuit for damages as a follow-up to a criminal conviction or as an independent legal recourse. The primary remedy offered by a civil case is the potential for monetary compensation, providing victims with a means to address the harm they have suffered. These victims can be awarded up to 120,000 NIS in damages without proving specific monetary harm. This is in addition to compensation for any measurable damages incurred by the sexual harassment. 

Our law firm has offices in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. Its experienced civil lawyers can help you receive the compensation you deserve – whether through a civil trial, negotiations, or mediation.

Israeli sexual harassment lawyerr

The Statute of Limitations in Civil Cases

Suing for sexual harassment in Israel’s civil courts has undergone significant changes in recent years. Previously, a three-year statute of limitations limited victims’ time to pursue legal action. However, this limitation has been extended to seven years, on par with most other civil wrongs, allowing victims a longer window to seek justice. In some cases, this period is extended, especially if the victim was a minor when they were harassed. Consult an Israeli civil attorney regarding the statute of limitations for your case.

The Burden of Proof

In Israeli law, the prosecutors in a criminal case must prove the defendant’s guilt beyond reasonable doubt for the judge to convict the perpetrator. Conversely, when suing for sexual harassment in Israel’s civil courts, the victim must demonstrate that their account of the events is more probable than the harasser’s account. In other words, the victim’s legal counsel must prove that there is a 51% probability that the sexual harassment occurred, not a 99% certainty.   

The Responsibility of the Employer

Far too often, a victim experiences sexual harassment at their workplace. The Israeli Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law (1998) recognizes that an employer must guarantee safe working conditions free of harassment and hostility. The employer must manage cases of harassment in an efficient and timely manner and implement administrative regulations and preventative safeguards. If an employer is negligent in fulfilling these duties, they are complicit in the harmful tort and can be sued for the damages inflicted. 

Filing a Sexual Harassment Claim in Israel in 3 Steps

When suing for sexual harassment in Israel, victims should follow these three steps:

  1. They should discuss the case’s legal merits with an attorney specializing in Israeli civil law. Together, they will determine the best course of action.
  2. The victims and their legal counsel must prepare and submit a written complaint to the court detailing the incidents of sexual harassment and the damages sought.
  3. The accused harasser should be notified about the complaint and provided an opportunity to respond.

Suing for Sexual Harassment in Israel

Gathering Evidence for Your Sexual Harassment Claim

To build a solid sexual harassment case, victims must gather and present evidence to support their claims. This may include:

  • Written or electronic communication, such as emails or text messages, contains inappropriate or offensive content.
  • Witness statements from colleagues or others who observed the harassment.
  • Records of complaints made to supervisors or human resources departments.

Preserving this evidence is crucial; an attorney can help you collect and organize the necessary documentation.

Compensation in Sexual Harassment Cases

In Israel, victims of sexual harassment may be entitled to various forms of compensation, including:

  • Monetary damages for emotional distress and mental anguish.
  • Reimbursement for lost wages and benefits due to wrongful termination or forced resignation.
  • Punitive damages in cases of particularly egregious behavior.

The amount of compensation awarded will depend on factors such as the severity of the harassment, the impact on the victim’s life, and the harasser’s conduct.

Challenges and Recommendations for Sexual Harassment Victims

Suing for sexual harassment in Israel can present several challenges for victims, such as:

  • The difficulty of proving the harassment occurred, especially in cases without direct evidence or witnesses
  • The need to overcome feelings of embarrassment and shame when speaking of the victimization they experienced
  • Navigating the complexities of Israeli civil law and legal procedures

To address these challenges, we recommend consulting with a skilled Israeli attorney who can provide guidance, support, and expertise throughout the process. Decker, Pex, Levi, Rosenberg a reputable law firm specializing in civil law in Israel, has a team of experienced attorneys ready to assist you in your sexual harassment case with compassion and professionalism.

Justice for sexual harassment victims in Israel


Sexual harassment is a severe and pervasive issue in Israel, and victims should not hesitate to pursue justice. By understanding the legal framework, gathering evidence, and seeking professional legal assistance, victims can hold their harassers accountable and obtain the compensation they deserve. Decker, Pex, Levi, Rosenberg with offices in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, is committed to helping victims navigate this complex process. Call 03-3724722 or email us at [email protected] to discuss your case with an experienced Israeli attorney.

Legal Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered legal advice. Consult a qualified attorney for advice on your specific situation. 

Emergency hotline for victims of sexual assault: Tel.: 1202: Women | or 1203: Men
Child Online Protection Bureau hotline: Tel.: 105 (for internet harassment of minors)

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