I have been receiving services from this Law Firm for several years now and I want to say THANK YOU to the team, especially Joshua Pex. They are doing outstanding work. The services I have received for both our Israeli non profit association but also our social business have helped us solve many issues at hand and provided solutions in complicated situations. Personally, I am grateful for support in visa issues as a foreigner living now in Israel for many years.
Josh has been helping me on and off for a few years now. I have needed legal advice and assistance with immigration due to a complex situation of mine, and he has been extremely available and responsive, honest and clear about my route and how to proceed. Very much recommended!
Excellent service, very friendly and helpful, fast responding and very patient. Highly recommend. I will choose them again next time if needed.
Great lawyers Joshua Pex and Nechama and Michael Deker who really want to help you and I have very trustful relationships with them. All my cases they took they won. Thank you and let’s keep working together
We were very pleased and content with the services of this law firm. They supported us 100% and solved our case successfully, we couldn't be happier.
Very knowledgeable and professional
Sergei m Vashkevich
We came to Mr. Joshua with so many questions (and most of all, with so many concerns and worries) …
When we explained our case to him, first of all, he calmed us down and helped us to see the big picture, which took away our fears;
Then he presented us with a detailed explanation and a few options to explore, and a timeline, how things work and necessary steps to undertake on our part,
We thank and highly recommend Mr. Joshua for showing us so much empathy, care and professionalism (!)
A really excellent firm. They knew exactly how to handle my situation effectively and efficiently, and we got the result I needed without much fuss. Adi Berger was a wonderful advocate for me and I am deeply grateful for her help!
Alexander P Gutterman
EU PASSPORT ! Big news! Thanks to Michael Decker and the other good people at the law office, as well as to the virtue of my ancestors, the cruelty of the Inquisition, reparations issued in the Iberian Peninsula, and etc, I am delighted to be on track for Portuguese and European Union Citizenship! A truly incredible development and one which brings me deep joy.
We were very satisfied with the service of Nehama. She was very professional in all her dealings and kept us informed all the way.
We highly recommend this law firm. They proved to be reliable, efficient and pleasant to work with.
We (myself and my husband) came to Mr. Joshua Pex – for his professional advice – and we received such human warmth and caring attitude, that our hearts melted …
His attention to our details and our situation peculiarities, combined with his professionalism and knowledge, helped us to map out what needs to be done on our part: we appreciate and recommend You, Mr. Joshua!
I admire the Austrian citizenship team in Tel-Aviv branch! They deserve more then 5 stars!! They are very friendly and professional. I've got Austrian citizenship in 4 months for all family members which consists of 12 people! The entire team is very friendly and responsive. They are always answering questions and support during the process. I recommend to everyone. Was 100% satisfied.
Oded Ger did an excellent job by reviewing a modeling contract I was offered. Explained the bad clauses in the contract, and their possible consequences. Thank you for your amazing job, your professionalism, your consultation and honesty. You showed me from your experience how it can be done differently. It was the best decision choosing you as my lawyer.
I highly recommend this firm, especially Oded Ger.
Dongdiet & Nellie
We are very happy with the services. Somehow they managed to translate the law lingo into language we actually understand 😉 and their outstanding YouTube videos helped us to have a better grasp of what process we had to go through. Their patience, clear explanation and experience are very valuable. It's also very nice to know that you will receive response promptly; it made us feel we can really trust their services. We recommend all those looking for immigration lawyers to get in touch.
I cannot recommend Nechama enough! Her expertise, professionalism, and dedication to her clients is unparalleled. From the moment I reached out to her, she provided clear and concise communication, and helped me navigate through a complex legal issue with ease.
Throughout the entire process, Nechama went above and beyond to ensure that I was informed and comfortable with every decision. She demonstrated a deep knowledge of the law, and was able to offer sound advice that ultimately led to a positive outcome.
What sets Nechama apart is her compassionate and empathetic approach to her clients. She truly cares about the well-being of her clients, and it shows in the way she handles every case.
If you are in need of a lawyer, I highly recommend Nechama.
Courteous, clear, efficient service.
We have been working with Decker, Pex & Co - Law Firm in Tel Aviv for many years very well. Because we appreciated their lawyers services, we recommended businesses and individuals again and again to go there as well.
We highly recommend Adv. Mike Decker and have know him for many years. He has helped our family with many battles over the years. We recently received our permanent residency after 23 years in Israel. We so much appreciate Mike’s representation of us.
Incredibly knowledgeable, approachable, accessible, and evident across the board that they truly care about the people they are helping. They are quick to respond, engaged, and obviously top-notch lawyers. I couldn't recommend them highly enough. Thank you, Joshua and Itamar for your help with our Joint Life Application. You were a calming energy during a storm - always breathed a sigh of relief after speaking with you. It is so difficult to get straight answers from the Misrad Hapnim, but you guys are straight shooters. I appreciate your candor and evident integrity. Hope to work with you in the future, and will send everyone I know in need of legal aid your way. Thank you for your guidance and support.
Joshua Pex was both an amazing human being and an inspiring human rights attorney. I reported directly to him for various activities I performed as in intern. I was impressed with his incredibly solid character. He is trustworthy, fair, and goes above and beyond to advocate for the vulnerable. He is completely trustworthy and high caliber in his work. His partners and employees are very blessed to work with him. I am honored to know them.
I can highly recommend these services!
Every time we turned to Joshua we always got a professional quick and helpful respond.
Extrmely friendly, professional and helpful. A big thank you to Irina especially from the Jerusalem office. Highly Recommended.
We were searching for a law firm that will be honest with us and really work hard for a satisfying result, it wasn't an easy task
We found them online; they were the only law firm from all of our searchings which were completely honest and NOT gave us just what we wanted to hear
Using them guaranteed honesty above all. A legal team that is friendly and cares for a superb result
They really care about helping their customers without any other interest
Nadia gave us service behind what we expected; she was professional which lead to fast and easy process with great result
We definitely recommend using them
Best lawyer house from Israel! I couldn’t dealt with my situation without their professionalism and effectiveness. Their dedication to every legal aspect and their drive it’s how a true lawyer house can be!
Working in European market and international now, I couldn’t dare to let myself wide my wings on countries unknown to me. Definitely they’ll be the lawyers representing me, my business at every international aspect and on personal development.
When you hear Decker,Pex,Ofir &Co, you hear 10+ class services, luxurious professionals, confidentiality and exclusive attention to your needs.
The team at Decker, Pex & Co have been awesome to work with in helping our US company establish banking in Israel and in providing counsel for legal needs in Israel. I highly recommend!
The best lawyer firm I’ve had dealt with. I would like to thank Anat Levi and Ariel Galili from the Jerusalem branch for all of their efforts and patience, we could not have been Able to reach to where we are now without them
The team of lawyers and assistants are incredibly professional. Aiming to give their clients the advice possible regarding the normative and the law of Israel. With well trained and professional secretary at the front desk to the lawyers team, I could say that I had one of the most professional services possible. I'm super glad of choosing Joshua Pex of Law office for immigration solution, lawyers to advise in my case, to me, it is remarkable.
If you need to solve any complicated legal issue in Israel, don't hesitate to contact them. Otherwise you will loose hours/days/weeks with things that they can solve in minutes. They helped me to obtain my expert working visa in Israel and even after that they responded further questions and gave me advices related to administrative issues in Israel which saved me a lot of time. Irena Rosenberg and Michael Decker worked on my case, they are very professional and helpful. They will not let you down, feel free to contact them.
Mr. Joshua Pex is knowledgeable and Professional. I really appreciate his courteous and direct approach.
competent consulting, fast processing, reliable, warm & good team. highly recommended
Michael and Ariellah Waizman
For Advocate Joshua Pex.
We were in a devastating situation when my wife received an order from the immigration office to leave Israel within 30 days, without any explanation, after we have been married and in the process for six and a half years. We heard of Advocate Pex through a friend of a friend. We contacted Mr. Pex and he was ready to help us when he heard of our situation.
The service is amazing! Always ready to assist without regard to the time it takes. The advice Mr. Pex gave us was great, such as what to do, he gave useful links, and advice about which officials to contact. The price for the service was great!
The process until we received the extension for another year for my wife was not long (3 months). Things started moving once Mr. Pex came into the picture.
We highly recommend Advocate Joshua Pex! We achieved our goal and the fear of deportation has been lifted!
Marce Ruth St. Rey
Party time in the heart, my beloved husband received his residence after so much time of battles and faith. Gratitude, God has blessed us with wonderful beings who have accompanied us, including a "precious angel" who touched our hearts, our excellent and fantastic lawyer: Maria Chernin Dekel, sweet and wonderful human being, who has guided us and stayed On our side. side in this intense legal transit whom we bless on every occasion. God bless you dear Maria, you have exceeded your professional duty by containing us and collaborating with us in hard times, very hard, for that we want to thank you publicly, you are unique!!!
We bless and thank the entire team at Decker Pex Tal Ofir Law Firm.
We had a pleasure of working with Irena Rosenberg who assisted in getting our two U.S. born children registered in Israel and supported visa process for my wife in 2021. During the pandemic, my wife and I decided to move to Israel where I am originally from after living in the U.S. for over 20 years, but we had no idea how to go about securing visas before and after arriving in Israel. Irena is knowledgeable, reliable and competent lawyer who always had answers to all our questions which made us feel confident that everything would be fine with her assistance. We are now happily living in Israel and are so grateful to have Irena who is a genuinely nice person as our lawyer.
I am delighted to report that my wife and I have just obtained our Israeli citizenship. We will be forever grateful for all of the help, guidance and support which Ariel Galili of Decker, Pex & Co. provided through this process.
I am a Jewish, 80-year-old American, and my wife is not Jewish. We had started the process on our own back in November 2020 via the Jewish Agency and Nefesh B’Nefesh, but soon became entangled in the delays and often-changing regulations due to Covid-19. The pandemic also caused delays in obtaining the required apostilles for various documents from various state agencies and the US State Department.
We found Decker, Pex & Co. On the internet and began working with Ariel in late November 2021. Ariel did a superb job of leading us through the process, helping us to understand which documents were essential, which would most likely be required, and which, though included on the list of required documents, were rarely required. He helped us several times to understand what was likely and unlikely to occur as “the next step.” Helping us manage our expectations was extremely useful to us.
Besides his knowing the laws, regulations and procedures, Ariel also made us feel that he was truly interested in helping us to successfully work through this process in as smooth, timely, and frustration-free manner as possible.
My wife and I strongly recommend anyone planning to go through this process seriously consider hiring Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. and, specifically, Ariel Galili.
I really recommend the law office's services. The service is very professional and efficient, the price is right. I am satisfied with the services I needed and happy to have known them.
Our law office summarizes the most pertinent cases which established judicial interpretation of Israeli laws over the past decades. In this article, we review the “First Beresford case”, which established that Messianic Jews do not have the right to immigrate (make Aliyah) to Israel under the Law of Return.
The petitioners are a married couple, who are both Jewish by birth. They applied for an oleh [immigrant’s] visa according to the Law of Return, which states that every Jew is entitled to make aliyah, or immigrate, to Israel. Their application was denied by the Minister of the Interior. The couple then appealed to the High Court of Justice.
The High Court of Justice ruled that that the petitioners were not entitled to an oleh visa, and therefore to immigrate to Israel, under the Law of Return for two reasons: (1) they had become members of another religion, and (2) they had changed their religion voluntarily, which nulls their right to make Aliyah under Section 4a of the Law of Return. The remaining option for the petitioners was to apply for Israeli citizenship according to the provisions of the Citizenship Law, 1952, “like any person seeking to become an Israeli citizen.
”The petitioners believe that Yeshua (Jesus) is the Messiah; however, they reject the concept of the Holy Trinity, stating that it is a theological idea that would not “have a recognized place in [their] Messianic Jewish faith.”
- Whether a person who is born Jewish and who also believes in Yeshua as the Messiah and belongs to a group called “Messianic Jews” is a member of another religion under Section 4b of the Law of Return?
- Whether that person is entitled to an oleh visa under the Law of Return?
Answers to Issue One
- A person who is born Jewish and accepts Yeshua as the Messiah and belongs to the group called “Messianic Jews” is considered to have become a member of another religion under Section 4b of the Law of Return.
- A person who is born Jewish, accepts Yeshua as the Messiah, and belongs to a group called “Messianic Jews” is not entitled to an oleh visa under the Law of Return.
Under Section 4b of the Law of Return, “a Jew is a person who was born to a Jewish mother or who converted to Judaism, and who is not a member of another religion.” The court uses three criteria to analyze the meaning of the Law of Return’s expression “member of another religion.” A summary of these three criteria is as follows.
- The Other Religion Criterion
Under the court’s “other religion” criterion, interpretation of the expression “member of another religion” is determined based on the views of the religion that the petitioner is alleged to be a member of (in this case, Christianity). The court’s deciding factors for membership in the Christian religion are (1) faith in Yeshua as the Messiah and (2) belief that he is part of the Deity. The court states that while the Jewish religion is based on faith in the singularity of God “who has no body and cannot be perceived by percipients of the tangible and has no comparison whatsoever, and (faith) in the future coming of the Messiah,” the Christian religion is based on the beliefs “that the Messiah has already come and been personified in Jesus as a material image of God and as part of a trinitarian deity.”
The court references the case “Dorflinger vs. Interior Minister, Judgments 33(2) 97″, in which the Minister of the Interior rejected a petitioner’s application for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return because he determined she was a member of the Christian religion. There, the court asked the petitioner if she “view[ed] Jesus as the son of God and part of the concept of divinity,” to which she replied that she had “not defined for herself a clear view on the subject.” The Dorflinger court went on to state that if the petitioner were not a Christian, she should have been able to state with certainty that she did not believe in Yeshua as part of divinity. It also stated that a person who believes in Jesus’ divinity as part of the Trinity is one who Christianity will likely count as a member of the Christian religion.
In the present case of the Beresford’s, the court combines two concepts: (1) belief in Yeshua as the Messiah and (2) belief in Yeshua as part of a divine Trinity. It then goes on to state that the combination of these two beliefs constitute membership in the Christian religion. However, because the court does not consider these two beliefs as separate issues under the “other religion” criterion, it is unclear whether the court would consider a person who believes in Yeshua as the Messiah but who rejects the doctrine of the Trinity a “member of another religion” under this criterion. Nevertheless, under the third, secular criterion, the court states that even though the petitioners reject the Trinity doctrine, they are still members of another religion for purposes of the Law of Return.
The court also briefly considers the concept of baptism under this criterion.
- The Jewish World Criterion
Under the court’s Jewish world criterion, interpretation of the expression “member of another religion” is determined based on the views of Judaism and Jewish history. Under this criterion, the court describes how a Jewish person seen as having converted to another religion is cut off from the Jewish community. He is deprived of rights that are “designed to express membership in the Hebrew family, community and nation,” no longer inherits from his father or relatives, and is said to no longer be included in the Prophet Jeremiah’s vision (31:17) which states: “Your children will return to their own land.” The Law of Return grants rights “to persons accounted part of the Jewish society and community, and not to someone who has withdrawn therefrom – which is how the convert is referred to.” The court states that the Law of Return is designed for the Jew “who is a member of the Jewish nation as conceived by Judaism and Jewish history” and “is not applicable to a converted Jew, who has withdrawn from the ways of the Jewish community.” It also goes on to state that a Rabbinic court “would not have applied the rights in the Law of Return to a converted Jew” had they been required to decide on the matter.
Under the court’s secular criterion, interpretation of the expression “member of another religion” is determined based on the rules of the Israeli courts and the Knesset. The court’s reasoning for this interpretation is that the state’s rule of law and the basic rights of citizens are founded on the separation of law and religion. The secular criterion is dynamic and changes with the Jewish people’s passage through its history. It considers national, religious, semantic, historic, and other factors. This criterion is meant to fulfill the purpose of the Law of Return, which is to bring back the exiles.
In discussing this criterion, the court states that even though Yeshua may not have been considered a member of another religion during the time he lived and worked in Israel 2000 years ago, the question to consider today is whether a person whose faith is like that of Yeshua’s 2000 years ago is a member of another religion at the present time. The court concluded that the answer to this question is that today, “anyone believing in Yeshua’s Messiahship…is a person who believes in another religion” under section 4b of the Law of Return. This is the case even when the person is Jewish by birth, and even when the person does not consider themselves a member of any other religion.
- Whether a child of a Jew who accepts Yeshua as the Messiah and belongs to a group called “Messianic Jews” is said to have voluntarily changed their religion under Section 4a(a) of the Law of Return?
- Whether a child of a Jew is entitled to an oleh visa under the Law of Return when that person accepts Yeshua as the Messiah and belongs to a group called “Messianic Jews?”
Answers to Issue Two
- A child of a Jew who accepts Yeshua as the Messiah and belongs to the group called “Messianic Jews” is considered to have changed their religion voluntarily under Section 4a(a) of the Law of Return.
- A child of a Jew who accepts Yeshua as the Messiah and belongs to the group called “Messianic Jews” is not entitled to an oleh visa under the Law of Return.
Section 4a(a) of the Law of Return states that the rights of a Jew according to the Law of Citizenship and the rights of an oleh according to any other legislation are also given to a child and grandchild of a Jew, to his spouse, and to the spouse of the Jew’s child or grandchild, excluding a person who was a Jew and changed his religion voluntarily.
The court states that the main purpose of Section 4a of the Law of Return is to help mixed-marriage families – Jews and non-Jews – immigrate to Israel as a family unit, in the “hope that all its members [will] affiliate themselves to the Jewish people.” A member of a mixed family who was a Jew according to Law and who voluntarily converts to another religion under Section 4a(a) is not entitled to immigrate under the Law of Return for the same reasons that they are not entitled to immigrate under the Law of Return as someone who is a “member of another religion” under Section 4b.
The court held that the petitioners had become members of another religion under section 4b of the Law of Return under each of its three criteria. It also held that the petitioners voluntarily changed their religion under Section 4a(a) of the Law of Return.
The petition was rejected.