This article addresses those who seek to relocate a French company to Israel. During the last few years, business relocations between France and Israel have been increasing. Our law firm, Cohen, Decker, Pex & Brosh, provides some important considerations before embarking on a business relocation to Israel. 

While this article specifically addresses French businesses, we also provide these services for other international businesses seeking to relocate to Israel. It is important to note that Israeli corporate law falls under the jurisdiction of the Israeli Corporations Authority.

Relocate a French Company to Israel

Considerations When Seeking to Relocate a Foreign Company to Israel

The first thing to consider is a contract of subcontracting between an existing foreign company structure and the future Israeli structure, justifying the establishment of a foreign company in Israel. Note that the French (or other foreign) tax authorities will be inclined to verify the merits of any export funds if it finds a fiscal or legal relationship between the two entities. Indeed many entrepreneurs wonder what is most relevant: open a subsidiary of the French company or create an independent Israeli society. The question then is: Can a French tax resident open an LLC in Israel?

To open an LLC in Israel, an Israeli tax resident must be appointed as the representative (natsig) and thus the guarantor of the LLC to the Israeli tax authorities. The representative will be responsible for the debts and the actions of the company vis-à-vis the tax institutions. It is also important to clarify if the potential representative has incurred debts for other prior activities registered in these institutions, they will not be entitled to act as a representative.

Steps to Relocate a French Company to Israel

After finding the local representative, the steps to relocating a foreign company to Israel are as follows:

– Legal registration in the Rasham HaHavarot (Company Registrar) with the help of an Israeli lawyer. It should be noted that it is possible to begin this process in a foreign country by signing this paperwork at the local Israeli consulate. 

– Signing of tax documents at a notary authorizing the representation of your representative.

– Opening an account in a commercial bank. It will be necessary to bring a stamp of the society beforehand.

– Choosing a chartered accountant and signing all the documents necessary for the opening of the company at the registrar of businesses and taxes. 

Reasons to Relocate a French Company to Israel

The conditions of employment and dismissal of employers’ charges in Israel are more flexible and light than in France. There is no type of fixed-term contract and an employee who is not doing his job properly can be dismissed and replaced without any particular difficulty. As for the employers’ expenses, they are, as of 2014, limited to 18.5% of the gross of the employee. Knowing that an employer has no fixed contribution to pay and that all expenses are a direct percentage of the payroll is preferable to some companies. In other words, if in a given month of the year an employer does not provide wages for his employees because of a seasonal activity, he will not pay any contributions for that month. The following list provides detailed information that will allow for comparison between Israel and France.

The employer’s expenses break down as follows:

– National insurance: On the portion of the salary that is less than 5,900 NIS per month (as of 2018), the charge is 3.45% of the gross. On the portion of the salary that exceeds 5,900 NIS per month, the percentage of the charge is 7.5%.

– Pension payment: As of 2018, it amounts to 12.5% ​​of the employee’s gross salary.

The employee’s contributions are as follows:

– National insurance: On the portion of the salary that is less than 5,900 NIS per month (as of 2018), the charge is 3.5 of the gross. On the portion of the salary that exceeds 5,900 NIS per month, the percentage of the charge is 12%.

– Pension payment: As of 2018, it amounts to 6% of the employee’s gross salary.

The Israeli Tax System

Every employee pays his monthly tax when it is directly deducted from his salary by his employer, and the employer regularly passes on the tax to the tax authorities. As a result, it makes more sense to set hiring wages in gross and not net. To fix them in net would be to pay the salary of the employee in addition to the social charges.

Israel has a large pool of competent French-speaking staff, allowing many offshore companies to be profitable and efficient. This is all the more true, given the large number of French companies that have opened structures such as call center or production in the field of the web, which are profitable and in constant development.

Some employers wonder if they should immigrate to Israel (make aliyah) or not.  Foreign shareholders are permitted to earn payment for work done within the Israeli structure.  However, foreign shareholders are liable for an additional 20% tax on gross wages.  

Other tax information of interest: Corporate taxes are 23% and dividend taxes are 30%.

CONTACT US – Israeli business lawyers

If you seek to relocate a French company to Israel (or a foreign company from another country), we can provide assistance along the way.  

Quelle société choisir: 03-3724722, 055-9781688