Marce Ruth St. Rey
Party time in the heart, my beloved husband received his residence after so much time of battles and faith. Gratitude, God has blessed us with wonderful beings who have accompanied us, including a "precious angel" who touched our hearts, our excellent and fantastic lawyer: Maria Chernin Dekel, sweet and wonderful human being, who has guided us and stayed On our side. side in this intense legal transit whom we bless on every occasion. God bless you dear Maria, you have exceeded your professional duty by containing us and collaborating with us in hard times, very hard, for that we want to thank you publicly, you are unique!!!
We bless and thank the entire team at Decker Pex Tal Ofir Law Firm.
Josh has been helping me on and off for a few years now. I have needed legal advice and assistance with immigration due to a complex situation of mine, and he has been extremely available and responsive, honest and clear about my route and how to proceed. Very much recommended!
The best lawyer firm I’ve had dealt with. I would like to thank Anat Levi and Ariel Galili from the Jerusalem branch for all of their efforts and patience, we could not have been Able to reach to where we are now without them
Best lawyer house from Israel! I couldn’t dealt with my situation without their professionalism and effectiveness. Their dedication to every legal aspect and their drive it’s how a true lawyer house can be!
Working in European market and international now, I couldn’t dare to let myself wide my wings on countries unknown to me. Definitely they’ll be the lawyers representing me, my business at every international aspect and on personal development.
When you hear Decker,Pex,Ofir &Co, you hear 10+ class services, luxurious professionals, confidentiality and exclusive attention to your needs.
A really excellent firm. They knew exactly how to handle my situation effectively and efficiently, and we got the result I needed without much fuss. Adi Berger was a wonderful advocate for me and I am deeply grateful for her help!
Courteous, clear, efficient service.
I admire the Austrian citizenship team in Tel-Aviv branch! They deserve more then 5 stars!! They are very friendly and professional. I've got Austrian citizenship in 4 months for all family members which consists of 12 people! The entire team is very friendly and responsive. They are always answering questions and support during the process. I recommend to everyone. Was 100% satisfied.
Mr. Joshua Pex is knowledgeable and Professional. I really appreciate his courteous and direct approach.
We were searching for a law firm that will be honest with us and really work hard for a satisfying result, it wasn't an easy task
We found them online; they were the only law firm from all of our searchings which were completely honest and NOT gave us just what we wanted to hear
Using them guaranteed honesty above all. A legal team that is friendly and cares for a superb result
They really care about helping their customers without any other interest
Nadia gave us service behind what we expected; she was professional which lead to fast and easy process with great result
We definitely recommend using them
Extrmely friendly, professional and helpful. A big thank you to Irina especially from the Jerusalem office. Highly Recommended.
Joshua Pex was both an amazing human being and an inspiring human rights attorney. I reported directly to him for various activities I performed as in intern. I was impressed with his incredibly solid character. He is trustworthy, fair, and goes above and beyond to advocate for the vulnerable. He is completely trustworthy and high caliber in his work. His partners and employees are very blessed to work with him. I am honored to know them.
We were very pleased and content with the services of this law firm. They supported us 100% and solved our case successfully, we couldn't be happier.
We had a pleasure of working with Irena Rosenberg who assisted in getting our two U.S. born children registered in Israel and supported visa process for my wife in 2021. During the pandemic, my wife and I decided to move to Israel where I am originally from after living in the U.S. for over 20 years, but we had no idea how to go about securing visas before and after arriving in Israel. Irena is knowledgeable, reliable and competent lawyer who always had answers to all our questions which made us feel confident that everything would be fine with her assistance. We are now happily living in Israel and are so grateful to have Irena who is a genuinely nice person as our lawyer.
Very knowledgeable and professional
The team of lawyers and assistants are incredibly professional. Aiming to give their clients the advice possible regarding the normative and the law of Israel. With well trained and professional secretary at the front desk to the lawyers team, I could say that I had one of the most professional services possible. I'm super glad of choosing Joshua Pex of Law office for immigration solution, lawyers to advise in my case, to me, it is remarkable.
The team at Decker, Pex & Co have been awesome to work with in helping our US company establish banking in Israel and in providing counsel for legal needs in Israel. I highly recommend!
I have been receiving services from this Law Firm for several years now and I want to say THANK YOU to the team, especially Joshua Pex. They are doing outstanding work. The services I have received for both our Israeli non profit association but also our social business have helped us solve many issues at hand and provided solutions in complicated situations. Personally, I am grateful for support in visa issues as a foreigner living now in Israel for many years.
Oded Ger did an excellent job by reviewing a modeling contract I was offered. Explained the bad clauses in the contract, and their possible consequences. Thank you for your amazing job, your professionalism, your consultation and honesty. You showed me from your experience how it can be done differently. It was the best decision choosing you as my lawyer.
I highly recommend this firm, especially Oded Ger.
Excellent service, very friendly and helpful, fast responding and very patient. Highly recommend. I will choose them again next time if needed.
Incredibly knowledgeable, approachable, accessible, and evident across the board that they truly care about the people they are helping. They are quick to respond, engaged, and obviously top-notch lawyers. I couldn't recommend them highly enough. Thank you, Joshua and Itamar for your help with our Joint Life Application. You were a calming energy during a storm - always breathed a sigh of relief after speaking with you. It is so difficult to get straight answers from the Misrad Hapnim, but you guys are straight shooters. I appreciate your candor and evident integrity. Hope to work with you in the future, and will send everyone I know in need of legal aid your way. Thank you for your guidance and support.
competent consulting, fast processing, reliable, warm & good team. highly recommended
We (myself and my husband) came to Mr. Joshua Pex – for his professional advice – and we received such human warmth and caring attitude, that our hearts melted …
His attention to our details and our situation peculiarities, combined with his professionalism and knowledge, helped us to map out what needs to be done on our part: we appreciate and recommend You, Mr. Joshua!
We have been working with Decker, Pex & Co - Law Firm in Tel Aviv for many years very well. Because we appreciated their lawyers services, we recommended businesses and individuals again and again to go there as well.
I really recommend the law office's services. The service is very professional and efficient, the price is right. I am satisfied with the services I needed and happy to have known them.
We highly recommend Adv. Mike Decker and have know him for many years. He has helped our family with many battles over the years. We recently received our permanent residency after 23 years in Israel. We so much appreciate Mike’s representation of us.
I am delighted to report that my wife and I have just obtained our Israeli citizenship. We will be forever grateful for all of the help, guidance and support which Ariel Galili of Decker, Pex & Co. provided through this process.
I am a Jewish, 80-year-old American, and my wife is not Jewish. We had started the process on our own back in November 2020 via the Jewish Agency and Nefesh B’Nefesh, but soon became entangled in the delays and often-changing regulations due to Covid-19. The pandemic also caused delays in obtaining the required apostilles for various documents from various state agencies and the US State Department.
We found Decker, Pex & Co. On the internet and began working with Ariel in late November 2021. Ariel did a superb job of leading us through the process, helping us to understand which documents were essential, which would most likely be required, and which, though included on the list of required documents, were rarely required. He helped us several times to understand what was likely and unlikely to occur as “the next step.” Helping us manage our expectations was extremely useful to us.
Besides his knowing the laws, regulations and procedures, Ariel also made us feel that he was truly interested in helping us to successfully work through this process in as smooth, timely, and frustration-free manner as possible.
My wife and I strongly recommend anyone planning to go through this process seriously consider hiring Decker, Pex, Ofir & Co. and, specifically, Ariel Galili.
Dongdiet & Nellie
We are very happy with the services. Somehow they managed to translate the law lingo into language we actually understand 😉 and their outstanding YouTube videos helped us to have a better grasp of what process we had to go through. Their patience, clear explanation and experience are very valuable. It's also very nice to know that you will receive response promptly; it made us feel we can really trust their services. We recommend all those looking for immigration lawyers to get in touch.
Michael and Ariellah Waizman
For Advocate Joshua Pex.
We were in a devastating situation when my wife received an order from the immigration office to leave Israel within 30 days, without any explanation, after we have been married and in the process for six and a half years. We heard of Advocate Pex through a friend of a friend. We contacted Mr. Pex and he was ready to help us when he heard of our situation.
The service is amazing! Always ready to assist without regard to the time it takes. The advice Mr. Pex gave us was great, such as what to do, he gave useful links, and advice about which officials to contact. The price for the service was great!
The process until we received the extension for another year for my wife was not long (3 months). Things started moving once Mr. Pex came into the picture.
We highly recommend Advocate Joshua Pex! We achieved our goal and the fear of deportation has been lifted!
Alexander P Gutterman
EU PASSPORT ! Big news! Thanks to Michael Decker and the other good people at the law office, as well as to the virtue of my ancestors, the cruelty of the Inquisition, reparations issued in the Iberian Peninsula, and etc, I am delighted to be on track for Portuguese and European Union Citizenship! A truly incredible development and one which brings me deep joy.
Sergei m Vashkevich
We came to Mr. Joshua with so many questions (and most of all, with so many concerns and worries) …
When we explained our case to him, first of all, he calmed us down and helped us to see the big picture, which took away our fears;
Then he presented us with a detailed explanation and a few options to explore, and a timeline, how things work and necessary steps to undertake on our part,
We thank and highly recommend Mr. Joshua for showing us so much empathy, care and professionalism (!)
If you need to solve any complicated legal issue in Israel, don't hesitate to contact them. Otherwise you will loose hours/days/weeks with things that they can solve in minutes. They helped me to obtain my expert working visa in Israel and even after that they responded further questions and gave me advices related to administrative issues in Israel which saved me a lot of time. Irena Rosenberg and Michael Decker worked on my case, they are very professional and helpful. They will not let you down, feel free to contact them.
We were very satisfied with the service of Nehama. She was very professional in all her dealings and kept us informed all the way.
We highly recommend this law firm. They proved to be reliable, efficient and pleasant to work with.
I cannot recommend Nechama enough! Her expertise, professionalism, and dedication to her clients is unparalleled. From the moment I reached out to her, she provided clear and concise communication, and helped me navigate through a complex legal issue with ease.
Throughout the entire process, Nechama went above and beyond to ensure that I was informed and comfortable with every decision. She demonstrated a deep knowledge of the law, and was able to offer sound advice that ultimately led to a positive outcome.
What sets Nechama apart is her compassionate and empathetic approach to her clients. She truly cares about the well-being of her clients, and it shows in the way she handles every case.
If you are in need of a lawyer, I highly recommend Nechama.
I can highly recommend these services!
Every time we turned to Joshua we always got a professional quick and helpful respond.
Great lawyers Joshua Pex and Nechama and Michael Deker who really want to help you and I have very trustful relationships with them. All my cases they took they won. Thank you and let’s keep working together
Further articles on the subject of Israeli tort law and damages
The field of tort law is broad, dealing with damages, various circumstances in which injuries are caused, and the question of who is responsible for the occurrence of the damage. Apportioning risk among various wrongdoers, and in some cases between the wrongdoer and the victim, is an integral part of tort law. This means that the wrongdoer – that is, the one responsible for the damage – should bear the economic burden of the damage to the one harmed.
The world of tort law covers many subsets, such as: medical negligence, student accidents, road accidents, negligence by local governments, personal injury, road or vehicle accidents, damage to property, etc.
In this article by our legal office we will explain about civil wrongs, provide examples, and discuss the responsibility for the damage.
The legal source – the Civil Wrongs Ordinance
The Civil Wrongs Ordinance (new version), 1968 (hereafter: “the Civil Wrongs Ordinance”) is the central law that regulates Israeli tort law. It is accompanied by additional legislation regulating specific areas of tort law (for example: road accidents).
The Civil Wrongs Ordinance specifies the various types of civil wrongs. These wrongs are forbidden behaviors which create responsibility for damages.
Civil wrongs are divided into two types: specific and framework. In order for a person or entity’s behavior to be considered a civil wrong, and one for which that person or entity may be sued, the behavior must meet the criteria for a civil wrong.
Among the specific wrongs indicated in the Civil Wrongs Ordinance, we will mention the following: false imprisonment, trespassing on land or possessions, assault, damage by a dog, harrassment and causing a breach of contract.
Thus, for example, trespassing on property is defined as entering a property illegally, causing illegal damage or disturbance to a person or property. However, it is explicitly stated that someone cannot sue for damages from trespassing if no damage was caused by it. That is, the section’s conditions require proof of damage to the plaintiff.
In contrast to specific civil wrongs, framework wrongs do not determine that a particular behavior should establish obligation for damages; rather, they establish principles according to which each case shall be examined, and whether responsibility should be assigned. According to the Civil Wrongs Ordinance, the two framework wrongs are negligence and breach of a statutory duty.
Negligence is the framework wrongdoing which features most frequently in Israeli tort cases, and it is defined in Section 35 of the Civil Wrongs Ordinance. By virtue of this definition, one must evaluate whether a particular person or entity behaved negligently towards someone, and whether this negligence resulted in damage to that person.
By virtue of Section 35 of the Ordinance, an action must pass four cumulative evaluations which are used to determine whether the wrongdoer was negligent towards the claimant:
- Whether there is a duty of care towards the claimant – the concept of duty of care includes both a conceptual obligation and a concrete one. A conceptual duty of care is a general duty of care between the wrongdoer and the victim. A concrete duty of care is evaluated according to the circumstances of each specific case. This takes into account the question of whether in the circumstances of that event, the defendant had duty of care towards the plaintiff. This duty of care is evaluated in light of the question of whether a “reasonable person” should have expected, in those circumstances, that their act or lack of action would cause damage to the plaintiff. Thus, for example, not all damage caused to a patient during an operation would lead to the conclusion that the surgeon and/or operating team were guilty of negligence. The court considers the question of whether, in the given circumstances, a reasonable physician would have behaved thus.
- Was the obligation of caution violated – In this stage, the question is considered whether the defendant deviated from the standard of caution that applied to him, the obligation to take reasonable precautions to prevent damage.
- Was the plaintiff caused damage as a result of the violation of the obligation – The damage could be monetary or non-monetary – pain and suffering, emotional anguish, etc.
- Is there a causal connection between the violation of the obligation and the damage – In most cases, this is not a simple question. A torts attorney who builds the case must prove to the court both factual and legal causation.
Factual causation means that there is a factual link between the negligent act and the result. Legal causation involves an evaluation of normative expectations.
If causation is proven, the next stage is proof of the damage caused to the plaintiff. The attorney representing the plaintiff will generally prove the damage via a professional medical opinion or professional opinions in other fields – according to the topic of the suit and the damage that was caused.
Breach of a statutory duty
This type of civil wrong is defined in Section 63 of the Ordinance. This category deals with the question of whether the defendant was derelict in a statutory duty intended to protect the plaintiff, people in general or people in the plaintiff’s category, and whether this breach of duty caused the plaintiff damage of the type intended by the statute and due to the defendant’s negligence.
Thus, for example, by law (Municipalities Order, Section 235(2)), the local authority is responsible for drainage on streets under its jurisdiction. The local authority fulfills its obligation itself or via a local drainage authority. In the case of damages, flooding, and harm to a resident, the question to be considered is whether the authority was derelict in its statutory duty and whether it took the required precautions to prevent flooding.
If it is found that that the defendant was derelict in its statutory duty, the next step is to prove the damage caused as a result of this breach of duty.
The claim of contributory negligence is one of the defenses available to the defendant. The claim is set out in Section 68 of the Ordinance, and according to it, the plaintiff bears responsibility for the damage they suffered – either fully or partially. If the defendant succeeds in proving their claim, the amount of compensation will be proportionally reduced, depending on what portion of the damage he is considered responsible for. In cases where the court accepts the claim fully and rules that 100% contributory negligence is ascribed to the plaintiff, the plaintiff will not receive any compensation.
Statute of limitations
One should not overly delay in filing a claim for damages. The rule is that the prescriptive period for a damage claim expires 7 years from the date of the event leading to the suit (there are exceptions to this rule). Therefore it is important to consult with an attorney specializing in tort law so that he or she can file your claim in time, including all the documents and other proof that will support your claim.
Regarding minors, the statute of limitations runs differently; the clock begins to run when the minor reaches the age of 18.
If you have suffered damage to body or property as a result of an accident or other event, it is important to act wisely, and consult with a torts attorney as soon as possible so they can advise you how to proceed. It is important to document the damage, go to the hospital (for bodily damage – for example, after falling into a pit in the road and suffering an ankle injury), collect evidence, keep receipts from any expenses, and check whether you have an insurance policy that grants you rights after an injury.
In our legal office you will find attorneys specializing in torts law who will evaluate your case, advise you whether it is possible to file a suit, and accompany you through the process until you obtain your compensation.
Our well-established office, which deals with many specialities in different legal worlds, recently established a Damages Department, with the goal of assisting our clients and providing them with the appropriate counsel and treatment in torts cases as well. Attorney Nirit Flaishman heads the Damages Department in our office, and she will be happy to assist you with any question in this area.